Experiencing English(I)--Unit One  (Post-reading)

Ⅰ. Spell the following words with the help of their definition and the first letters given.

1.e [n.]a usu. short of writing on a particular subject by a student, esp. as a part of a course of study
2.o [v.]to hide from view; to make it difficult to see or understand
3.s [v.]to look at or to consider(a person, place, or condition) as a whole; to examine
4.l [adj.]very bad, unpleasant, useless
5.r [v.]to talk about past experience, esp. with pleasure
6.s [v.]to change in position or direction; to move from place to another
7.b [v.]to make or become broader
8.a [v.]to make sb laugh or smile
9.t [n.]great victory or success
10.i [n.]a meeting when a person is asked questions

Ⅱ. Complete the following sentences with the words given below, change the form where necessary.

permanent , conquer , approach , confident , convince , surround
1.Those players who are not at all will have few chances to succeed.
2.To the difficulties in study, you must work hard and try to find a better way of studying.
3.We should him of the approaching danger, otherwise he will be really in danger.
4.It`s a job, not a part-time one.
5.This is a beautiful campus, and the dormitories and teaching buildings are all with trees and grass.

Ⅲ. Choose the one that best completes the sentence.

1.  How can you convince him _______ the death of his wife, since he was with her a few minutes ago.
A、of     B、on     C、in     D、from
2.  It is easy for a horse to ______ at the sound of guns.
A、frighten     B、surprise     C、horrify     D、panic
3.  The experiment involves ______ on some mice.
A、to operating     B、operating     C、to be operating     D、in operating
4.  After the bell rang, the teacher began to pass ______ papers to the anxiously waiting students.
A、away     B、out     C、through     D、by
5.  The train ______arrive at 5 pm was late for six hours.
A、due to     B、have to     C、through     D、by
6.  The traditional approach_______ with complex problems is to break them down into smaller, more easily managed problems.
A、to dealing     B、in dealing     C、dealing     D、to deal
7.  He Was proud of being chosen to participate in the game and he _____us that he would try as hard as possible.
A、insured     B、guaranteed     C、assumed     D、assured
8.  My success excited his envy ______me.
A、at     B、about     C、with     D、of
9.  As an actor, he was a ______.
A、mistake     B、misunderstanding     C、fail     D、failure
10.  Don`t involve the boy______ the case; he’s only a child.
A、in     B、among     C、of     D、on
11.  Given his high _______to service, he would not refuse a request no matter how I might feel about it.
A、commitment     B、commission     C、committee     D、contribution
12.  That kind of tea made me feel _______; I had to stay in bed the whole day.
A、 pompous     B、active     C、queasy     D、dislike
13.  _______ the idea of departure, they couldn’t help crying
A、With     B、At     C、On     D、In
14.  When we ______the past we should never feel regretful.
A、look back on     B、look to     C、look forward to     D、look through
15.  The train is ______ schedule; it should get here 15 minutes earlier.
A、on     B、at     C、behind     D、ahead of

Ⅳ.Read the following passage and give the best answer to each question.

Until the 1980s, the American homeless population comprised mainly older males. Today, homelessness strikes much younger part of society. In fact, a 25-city survey by the U.S. Conference of Mayors in 1987 found that families with children make up the fastest growing part of the homeless population. Many homeless children gather in inner cities; this transient and frequently frightened student population creates additional problems-both legal and educational-for already overburdened urban school administrators and teachers.

Estimates of the number of homeless Americans range from 350,000 to three million. Likewise, estimates of the number of homeless school children vary radically. A U.S. Department of Education report, based on state estimates, states that there are 220,000 homeless school-age children, about a third of whom do not attend school on a regular basis. But the National Coalition for the Homeless estimates that there are at least two times as many homeless children, and that less than half of them attend school regularly.

One part of the homeless population that is particularly difficult to count consists of the "throwaway" youths who have been cast off their homes. The ElementarySchoolCenter in New York City estimates that there are 1.5 million of them, many of whom are not counted as children because they do not stay in family shelters and tend to live by themselves on the streets.

Federal law, the Stewart McKinney Homeless Assistance Act of 1987, includes a section that addresses the educational needs of homeless children. The educational provisions of the McKinney Act are based on the belief that all homeless children have the right to a free, appropriate education.

1.In 1987, the American homeless population was made up of _____.
A) older males
B) school children
C) adults
D) both A and B
2.The author implies in the first paragraph that _____.
A) the homeless population is growing rapidly
B) there is serious shortage of school administrators and teachers
C) homeless children often move from place to place
D) homeless children usually stay outside schools
3.The National Coalition for the Homeless estimates that there are _____ homeless children.
A) 7000,000
B) 350,000
C) 440,000
D) 70,000
4.One part of the homeless population is difficult to count. The reason might be that _____.
A) homeless children live on the streets
B) homeless children have no parents
C) the homeless are too young to be counted as children
D) the homeless children are not taken as members of their families
5.The aim of the McKinney Act is to _____.
A) offer education for homeless children
B) provide family shelters for homeless children
C) reduce the number of homeless children
D) estimate the number of homeless population

Ⅴ. Short answer questions.

Our world is filled with sounds we never hear. The human auditory(听觉的) range is limited to begin with: if we could hear sounds lower than 20 vibrations per second, we would be driven mad by the rumblings and creakings of our muscles, intestines and heartbeats; every step we take would sound like an explosion. But even with our auditory range we select, focus, pay attention to a few sounds and blot out the rest. We are so assaulted(困扰) by sound that we continually "turn off". But in the process we shut out the glorious symphony(交响乐) of sound in which the living world is bathed.

The sound tormented city dweller who habitually "turns off his audio" loses a dimension of social reality. Some people, for example, possess the ability to enter a crowded room and from the sounds encountered know immediately the mood, pace and direction of the group assembled. Everything becomes more real when heard as well as seen. It is, in fact, quite hard really to know a person by sight alone, without hearing his voice. And it is not just the sound of the voice that informs.

Even the rhythm of footsteps reveals age and variations of mood—delight, depression, anger, joy.

Hearing can also soothe and comfort. The snapping of logs in the fireplace, the gossipy whisper of a broom, the inquisitive wheeze of a drawer opening—all are savored sounds that make us feel at home. In a well loved home, every chair produced a different, recognizable creak, every window a different click, groan or squeak. The kitchen by itself is a source of many pleasing sounds. Every place, every event has a sound dimension.

The sense of hearing can perhaps be restored to modern man if he better understands its worth and how it works. Most people would be surprised to discover how far the sense can be pushed by cultivation. At a friend's house recently, my wife opened her purse and some coins spilled out, one after another, onto the floor. "Three quarters, two dimes, a nickels and three pennies," said our host as he came in from the next room. And as an after thought: "One of the quarters is silver." He was right, down to the last penny "How did you do it?" we asked. "Try it yourself." he said.

We did, and with a little practice we found it easy.

Curiously, evidence indicates that people need sound. When we are lost in thought, we involuntarily drum with our fingers or tap with a pencil—a reminder that we are still surrounded by a world outside ourselves. Just cutting down reflected sound can produce some odd results. The nearest thing on earth to the silence of outer space, for example, is the "anechoic chamber" at the Bell Telephone Laboratories in Burray Hills, N.J., which is lined with material that absorbs 99.98% of all reflected sound. Men who have remained in the room for more than an hour report that they feel nervous and out of touch with reality.

1.According to Paragraph One. Why do we blot out the sounds we don't want to hear?

2.The writer believes that the rhythm of our footsteps changes as

3.How many different kinds of sounds are mentioned in Paragraph 3?

4.What's the main idea of Paragraphs 4 and 5?

5.The whole passage tells us that by ignoring most of the sound around us we miss much that could give us

Ⅵ.Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

1.You should make a choice right now; do not change your mind again.

2.The years have obscured the name of the professor, but not the lesson she taught.

3.Their smiles broadened as the students noted there were only five essay-type questions.

4.Although reluctantly, he agreed to give me a hand.

5.This was the year that I made some lifelong friends, and through many triumphs and failures. I came to know more about myself.

Ⅶ. Translate the following sentences into English.