完型填空

完型填空题是给出一篇短文,短文中有几处空白,要求考生从四项选择答案中选出正确项,主要测试考生在语法、词汇、短语及阅读理解方面的综合运用能力。这是难度较大的一种题型。考生遇到的困难,不仅来源于考生本身阅读理解能力不够强,词汇语法知识不太巩固,而且还取决于能否正确掌握好选题的一般方法和技巧。具体地说,做这种题有以下一些应试要点和技巧。

  • 快速阅读全文,领悟文章大意

基于完型填空本身是一篇文章的特点,考生首先应不看选项,快速通读一遍全文,尽量从完整的句子和上下文提供的信息中正确领悟出文章大意与文章的基本要素,如时间、地点、相关人物与氛围等。只有这样才能从全局的高度去吃透局部。如果一开始盲目入题,难免会出错,则很有可能导致一处弄错,处处皆错。

例如:

It was a few days _1_ Christmas, do when the office closed at half past five, most of the young men and typists _2_ and had a party. They ate and drank, _3_ and sang songs, and nobody _4 _ to go home. But Joe had a wife at home, and _5 quite a long way _6 _the city. 7 few minutes he looked at his watch. And at last, when it was very late, he began to leave.

1. A. after B. before C. on D. in

2. A. stay B. leftC. stayed D. leave

3. A. dancedB. dancingC. danceD. was dancing

4. A. wantsB.wantedC. is wantingD. was wanting

5. A. livesB. livingC. was livedD. lived

6. A. fromB. atC. inD. away

7. A. AfterB. InC. AD. Every

快速通读全问候,我们会知道1、此文主要叙述值Christmas之际,Joe 和他的朋友们下班后had a party, 而Joe 惦念着他妻子想离开回家的事。2、所填内容主要与时态、搭配有关。3、文章几乎没有生词,难度不大。这样心中有底后,就很容易确定:1. B2.C3. A4. B5. D6. A7. D是正确的答案。

  • 联系上下文,仔细选答案

通常情况下短文的第一句、最后一句是不留空白的,为考生提供某种语境。此外考生还需领会各段的主题句、信息词及关联词的暗示,理顺思路,弄清上下文与空白处的关系,从而想出符合意义和语法的词。而且考生在预预选时需从语义、语法、逻辑和搭配等全面考虑,来选出最佳答案。

例如:

Mirages (海市蜃楼) are produced by refraction of light within a layer of air. This layer of _1_ resists breaking up, even in a fairly strong wind.

Probably the most typical mirage picture is _2_ of a lake in a waterless desert. There may even be the appearance of waves breaking on the shore. The easiest form of mirage to study, however, is one _3_ has been seen by millions of people—those seeming strips of water on asphalt—surfaced roads that disappear suddenly when one approaches _4 _.

The scientist considers the long distance mirage _5 the most puzzling of mirage forms, since it nullifies (使无效) a basic law of physics. The law _6 that the apparent size of an object seems smaller as we move away from it; however, this kind of mirage will carry a picture of a ship, a town, or an island a thousand miles and set it up in the sky as big _7 _life.

Mirages may have had an effect on history: a World War I story deals with a battle _8 the Turks and the British. Supposedly, the stronger Turkish army was gaining the advantage when one of the soldiers 9 that British troops were advancing. After a hurried meeting, the Turkish forces withdrew. In reality there were no advancing British troops—what had been reported was a mirage _10 men who were a hundred miles away.

1. A. lightB. refractionC. airD. mirage

2. A. thoseB. oneC. anyD. some

3. A. asB. whatC. itD. that

4. A. themB. itC. thatD. those

5. A. asB. throughC. forD. to

6. A. dealsB. directsC. noticesD. states

7. A. likeB. forC. asD. with

8. A. withinB. amongC. betweenD. against

9. A. reportedB. impliedC. spokeD. suggested

10. A. observingB. showingC. appearingD. noting

由于有一些生词,这篇短文显得有些难度。但如果考生有关于Mirages的背景知识,或善于联系上下文,这篇文章的答案选择却不难下手。1处的答案正存在于首句中的“a layer of air”中,选C。2处根据题干可断定是答案B。3处考的是定语从句的关系代词,该词在句中做主句,又接在不定代词one后面,因此选D。4处指代前面的those seeming strips of water, 则选A。5处考的是词组搭配,选A。6处根据整句意思,可将选项代入题干进行选择,则为D。7处考核的也是固定搭配,填C。8处指两者之间,选C。9处是词汇考核,应选A。10处根据上下文,观察选项,可排除A、C、D,选B。

  • 认真复读全文,合理调整答案

通常情况下一篇完型填空必有几处答案难以确定,在推敲疑点时要紧扣文义情景,从上下文中需找线索。因此考生需重读填好空白处后的文章,认真校对一遍,对所选答案进行必要及合理的调整。