2009年12月大学英语四级试卷

Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Creating a Green Campus. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below:

书写提纲:

1. 建设绿色校园很重要

2. 绿色校园不仅指绿色的环境……

3. 为了建设绿色校园,我们应该……


Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)

Directions:In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the
Questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C),and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.

Colleges taking another look at value of merit-based aid

1. A、A) He just wouldn’t look her in the eye.
    B、B) He was slow in answering her questions.
    C、C) His answers to some of her questions were irrelevant.
    D、D) His answers to some of her questions were irrelevant .
2. A、Racial stereotypes.
    B、Invalid personal bias
    C、Racial stereotypes.
    D、Emphasis on physical appearance
3. A、Hiring qualified technical and management personnel.
    B、Increasing understanding of people of other cultures.
    C、 Constantly updating knowledge and equipment.
    D、Expanding domestic and international markets.
4. A、A real estate agency.
    B、A personnel training company.
    C、A cultural exchange organization.
    D、A hi-tech company
5. A、He had hired the wrong person.
    B、He could have done more for his company.
    C、He had not managed his workforce well.
    D、He must get rid of his gender bias.
6. A、It was well-intentioned but poorly conducted.
    B、It tapped into the executives’ full potential.
    C、It helped him make fair decisions.
    D、 It met participants’ diverse needs.
7. A、A) He told him to get the dates right.
    B、B) He demanded an explanation.
    C、He flatly turned it down
    D、He readily approved it.

8.Annual renewal of academic merit scholarships depends on whether the recipients remain
9.Applicants for athletic merit scholarships need a recommendation from a coach or a referee who their exceptional athletic performance..
10.Applicants for artistic merit scholarships must produce evidence to show their in a particular artistic field.
 

Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)

MP3下载
Section A
Directions:In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer.
         Questions 11 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
11.   A、
       B、
       C、
       D、
12.   A、
       B、
       C、
       D、
13.   A、
       B、
       C、
       D、
14.   A、She expected more people at her party.
       B、She enjoys entertaining small children.
       C、She threw a surprise party for her friend
       D、She has always enjoyed great popularity.
15.   A、They are not used to living in a cold place.
       B、They feel lucky to live in Florida.
       C、They are going to have a holiday.
       D、They have not booked their air tickets yet.
16.   A、 He was pleased to get the medal.
       B、 He was very courageous.
       C、He used to be a firefighter.
       D、He was accused of causing a fire.
17.   A、Make a profitable investment.
       B、Buy a new washing machine
       C、Get parts for the machine from Japan.
       D、Have the old washing machine fixed.
18.   A、He is pleased with his exciting new job.
       B、He finds the huge workload unbearable.
       C、 He finds his office much too big for him.
       D、He is not so excited about his new position.
         Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
16.   A、The woman is going to hold a big party tomorrow.
       B、The man has no idea what the right thing to do is.
       C、The woman doesn’t know how to get to the party.
       D、The man offers to drive the woman to the party.
17.   A、Drawing up a business plan.
       B、Discussing a term paper.
       C、 Finalizing a contract.
       D、Reviewing a co-authored article.
18.   A、 She ordered some paper.
       B、She had the printer repaired.
       C、She chatted online with a friend
       D、She filled in an application form
19.   A、His health is getting worse.
       B、He can no longer work at sea.
       C、His past life upsets him a good deal.
       D、He has not got the expected pension.
        Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
20.   A、She passed away years ago.
       B、She used to work as a model.
       C、She has been working at a clinic.
       D、 She has been seriously ill for years.
21.   A、She has made lots of money as a doctor.
       B、She is going to take care of her old dad.
       C、She has never got on with her father.
       D、She is kind and generous by nature.
22.   A、He dines out with his wife every weekend.
       B、 He is excellent but looks had-tempered.
       C、 He does not care about his appearance.
       D、He is not quite popular with his patients.
23.   A、The man has sent the order to the woman by mistake
       B、Some of the telephone systems don’t work properly
       C、Some of the packs do not contain any manuals.
       D、The quality of the goods is not up to the standard.
Section B
Directions:In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).
Passage One
Questions 26 to 28 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

24.   A、Send a service engineer to do the repairs.
       B、Consult her boss about the best solution.
       C、Pass the man’s order to the right person.
       D、The quality of the goods is not up to the standard.
25.   A、Ideal.
       B、 Temporary
       C、Partial
       D、Creative
26.   A、It is entertaining.
       B、It is a costly hobby.
       C、 It takes lots of time.
       D、It requires training.

Passage Two
Questions 29 to 31 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

27.   A、They can harm nearby plants.
       B、They may catch some disease.
       C、They fight each other for food.
       D、They may pollute the environment.
28.   A、Place the food on warmer spots.
       B、Use prepared feed mixtures only.
       C、Avoid using any contaminated food.
       D、Continue the feeding till it gets warm.
29.   A、He will betray even his best friends.
       B、He is able to make up good excuses.
       C、 He will lie whenever he wants.
       D、He tries to achieve his goal at any cost

Passage Three
Questions 32 to 35 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

30.   A、She made him apologize
       B、She readily forgave him
       C、She broke up with him.
       D、 She refused to answer his calls.
31.   A、Buy her a new set of tires.
       B、Help clean her apartment.
       C、Lend her his batteries.
       D、Move furniture for her.
32.   A、The atmosphere they live in is rather unreal.
       B、Their parents put too much pressure on them.
       C、 It’s hard for them to get along with other kids.
       D、They have to live in the shadow of their parents.
33.   A、 He always boasts about his rich father.
       B、He will grow up to be good for nothing.
       C、He has too much to know the value of things.
       D、He is too young to manage his inherited property.

Section C
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 t0 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks ,you can either use the exact words you hove just heard or write down the main points in your own words . Finally, when the passage is read for the third time ,you should check what you have written.

In the humanities, authors write to inform you in many ways. These methods can be(36) into three types of informational writing: factual, descriptive, and process.

Factual writing provides(37) information on an author, composer, or artist or on a type of music, literature, or art. Examples of factual writing include notes on a book jacket or(38) cover and longer pieces, such as an article describing a style of music which you might read in a music39) course. This kind of writing provides a (40) for your study of the humanities.

As its name(41) , descriptive writing simply describes, or provides an(42) of, a piece of music, art, or literature. For example, descriptive writing might list the colors an artist used in a painting or the(43) a composer included in a musical composition, so as to make pictures or sounds in the reader’s mind by calling up specific details of the work. (44)  .    

Process writing explains a series of actions that bring about a result.(45) . This kind of writing is often found in art, where understanding how an art has created a certain effect is important.(46) .

Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth)(25 minutes)s)

Section A

Directions:In this section ,there is a passage with ten blanks .You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of ch0ices given in a word bank following the passage .Read the passage through carefully before making your choices .Each choice in bank is identified by a letter .Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 2 with a single line through the center .You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.

In families with two working parents, fathers may have more impact on a child’s language development than mothers, a new study suggests.

Researchers(47) 92 families form 11 child care centers before their children were a year old, interviewing each to establish income, level of education and child care arrangements. Overall, it was a group of well-class families, with married parents both living in the home.

When the children were 2, researchers videotaped them at home in free-play sessions with both parents,(48) all of their speech. The study will appear in the November issue of The Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology

The scientists measured the (49) fnumber of utterance (话语) of the parents, the number of different words they used, the complexity of their sentences and other(50) of their speech. On average, fathers spoke less than mothers did, but they did not differ in the length of utterances or proportion of questions asked

Finally, the researchers(51) the children’s speech at age 3, using a standardized language test. The only predictors of high scores on the test were the mother’s level of education, the (52) of child care and the number of different words the father used.

The researchers are(53) why the father’s speech, and not the mother’s, had an effect.

 “It’s well(54) that the mother’s language does have an impact,” said Nadya Pancsofar, the lead author of the study. It could be that the high-functioning mothers in the study had(55) had a strong influence on their children’s speech development, Ms. Pancsofar said, “or it may be that mothers are(56) in a way we didn’t measure in the study.”

A. Abundant    B. Characters    C. Communicating    D. Completely

E. Derive        F. Desire            G. Diversity               H. Escape

I. Establishing     J. Narrow       K. Naturally        L. Personnel

M. Properly       N. Respect       O. Widen

 


Section B

Directions: There are 2 passages in this section .Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement. For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C),D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.

Passage One
Question 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.

         Throughout this long, tense election, everyone has focused on the presidential candidates and how they’ll change America. Rightly so, but selfishly, I’m more fascinated by Michelle Obama and what she might be able to do, not just for this country, but for me as an African-American woman. As the potential First Lady, she would have the world’s attention. And that means that for the first time people will have a chance to get up close and personal with the type of African-American woman they so rarely see.

  Usually, the lives of black women go largely unexamined. The prevailing theory seems to be that we’re all hot-tempered single mothers who can’t keep a man. Even in the world of make-believe, black women still can’t escape the stereotype of being eye-rolling, oversexed females raised by our never-married, alcoholic (酗酒的) mothers.

  These images have helped define the way all women are viewed, including Michelle Obama. Before she ever gets the chance to commit to a cause, charity or foundation as First Lady, her most urgent and perhaps most complicated duty may be simple to be herself.

   It won’t be easy. Because few mainstream publications have done in-depth features on regular African-American women, little is known about who we are, what we think and what we face on a regular basis. For better or worse, Michelle will represent us all.

  Just as she will have her critics, she will also have millions of fans who usually have little interest in the First Lady. Many African-American blogs have written about what they’d like to see Michelle bring to the White House—mainly showing the world that a black woman can support her man and raise a strong black family. Michelle will have to work to please everyone—an impossible task. But for many African-American women like me, just a little of her poise (沉着), confidence and intelligence will go a long way in changing an image that’s been around for far too long.

34. 
A、She wants Amanda to get professional care.
B、She has no experience in raising children.
C、She wants to show off her wealth.
D、She has no time to do it herself.
35. 
A、The lifestyle depicted in Hollywood movies.
B、The worship of money, beauty and pleasure.
C、The attention the media focuses on them.
D、The pursuing of perfection in performance.
57. 57. What is said about FutureFashion?
A、 It inspired many leading designers to start going green.
B、It showed that designers using organic fabrics would go far.
C、 It served as an example of how fashion shows should be organized.
D、 It convinced the public that fashionable clothes should be made durable.
58. 58. According to Scott Hahn, one big challenge to designers who will go organic is that .
A、much more time is needed to finish a dress using sustainable materials .
B、they have to create new brands for clothes made of organic materials .
C、customers have difficulty telling organic from non-organic materials .
D、quality organic replacements for synthetics are not readily available .
59. 59. We learn from Paragraph 3 that designers who undertake green fashion .
A、can attend various trade shows free .
B、are readily recognized by the fashion world
C、can buy organic cotton at favorable prices .
D、are gaining more and more support .

Passage Two
Questions 62 to 66 are based in the following passage.

        When next year’s crop of high-school graduates arrive at Oxford University in the fall of 2009, they’ll be joined by a new face; Andrew Hamilton, the 55-year-old provost (教务长) of Yale, who’ll become Oxford’s vice-chancellor—a position equivalent to university president in America.

  Hamilton isn’t the only educator crossing the Atlantic. Schools in France, Egypt, Singapore, etc, have also recently made top-level hires from abroad. Higher education has become a big and competitive business nowadays, and like so many businesses, it’s gone global. Yet the talent flow isn’t universal. High-level personnel tend to head in only one direction: outward from America.

  The chief reason is that American schools don’t tend to seriously consider looking abroad. For example, when the board of the University of Colorado searched for a new president, it wanted a leader familiar with the state government, a major source of the university’s budget. “We didn’t do any global consideration,” says Patricia Hayes, the board’s chair. The board ultimately picked Bruce Benson, a 69-year-old Colorado businessman and political activist (活动家) who is likely to do well in the main task of modern university presidents: fund-raising. Fund-raising is a distinctively American thing, since U.S. schools rely heavily on donations. The fund-raising ability is largely a product of experience and necessity.

   Many European universities, meanwhile, are still mostly dependent on government funding. But government support has failed to keep pace with rising student number. The decline in government support has made funding-raising an increasing necessary ability among administrators and has hiring committees hungry for Americans.

   In the past few years, prominent schools around the world have joined the trend. In 2003, when Cambridge University appointed Alison Richard, another former Yale provost, as its vice-chancellor, the university publicly stressed that in her previous job she had overseen “a major strengthening of Yale’s financial position.”

  Of course, fund-raising isn’t the only skill outsiders offer. The globalization of education means more universities will be seeking heads with international experience of some kind of promote international programs and attract a global student body. Foreigners can offer a fresh perspective on established practices.

60. What is Natalie Hormilla’s attitude toward ecofashion?
A、She doesn’t seem to care about it.
B、She doesn’t think it is sustainable
C、She is doubtful of its practical value.
D、 She is very much opposed to the idea
61. 61. What does the author think of green fashion?
A、Green products will soon go mainstream.
B、It has a very promising future.
C、Consumers have the final say.
D、It will appeal more to young people.
62. 62. What is the scientists’ new discovery?
A、One’s hair growth has to do with the amount of water they drink.
B、A person’s hair may reveal where they have lived.
C、 Hair analysis accurately identifies criminal suspects.
D、The chemical composition of hair varies from person to person.
63. 63. What does the author mean by “You’re what you eat and drink” (Line 1, Para.3)?
A、Food and drink affect one’s personality development.
B、Food and drink preferences vary with individuals.
C、Food and drink leave traces in one’s body tissues.
D、Food and drink are indispensable to one’s existence.
64. 64. What is said about the rainfall in America’s West?
A、There is much more rainfall in California than in Utah.
B、 The water it delivers becomes lighter when it moves inland.
C、Its chemical composition is less stable than in other areas.
D、It gathers more light isotopes as it moves eastward.

Part V Cloze(15 minutes)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage .For each blank there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.

Older people must be given more chances to learn if they are to contribute to society rather than be a financial burden, according to a new study on population published recently.

  The current people approach which (67) on younger people and on skills for employment is not (68) to meet the challenges of demographic (人口结构的) change, it says. Only 1% of the education budget is (69)spent on the oldest third of the population.

  The (70 )include the fact that most people can expect to spend a third of their lives in (71) , that there are now more people over 59 than under 16 and that 11.3 million people are (72) state pension age.

  “ (73) needs to continue throughout life. Our historic concentration of policy attention and resources (74) young people cannot meet the new 75 ,” says the report’s author, Professor Stephen McNair.

  The major (76) of our education budget is spent on people below the age of 25. (77) people are changing their jobs, (78) , partners and lifestyles more often than (79) , they need opportunities to learn at every age (80) , some people are starting new careers in their 50s and later.

  People need opportunities to make a “midlife review” to (81) to the later stage of employed life, and to plan for the transition (过渡) (82) retirement, which may now happen (83 )at any point from 50 to over 90, says McNair.

  And there should be more money (84) to support people in establishing a (85) of identity and finding constructive (86) for the “third age”, the 20 or more years they will spend in healthy retired life.

65. A、A map showing the regional differences of tap water.    B、A collection of hair samples from various barber shops.    C、 A method to measure the amount of water in human hair.    D、A chart illustrating the movement of the rain system.
66. A、It helps analyze the quality of water in different regions.    B、 It helps the police determine where a crime is committed.    C、 It helps the police narrow down possibilities in detective work.    D、 It helps identify the drinking habits of the person under investigation.
67. A、profit    B、payment    C、income    D、budget
68. A、mostly    B、partially    C、occasionally    D、rarely
69. A、Therefore    B、Besides    C、Otherwise    D、 Consequently
70. A、drift    B、tide    C、current    D、trend
71. A、remarkably    B、essentially    C、specially    D、particularly
72. A、While    B、Because    C、When    D、Since
73. A、surging    B、stretching    C、slipping    D、shaking
74. A、unless    B、if    C、as    D、after
75. A、lower    B、slighter    C、broader    D、larger
76. A、liable to    B、in terms of    C、thanks to    D、in view of
77. A、unique    B、similar    C、mysterious    D、strange
78. A、over    B、against    C、on    D、behind
79. A、mess    B、boom    C、growth    D、decay
80. A、proceeded    B、relieved    C、launched    D、revised
81. A、quickening    B、widening    C、strengthening    D、lengthening
82. A、average    B、massive    C、abundant    D、general
83. A、labels    B、cycles    C、vehicles    D、devices

Part VI Translation (5 minutes)

Directions:Complete the sentences on Answer Sheet 2 by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets.

87.You would not have failed if you (按照我的指令去做).
 
88.Despite the hardship he encountered, Mark never (放弃对知识的追求)

89.Scientists agree that it will be a long time (我们找到治愈癌症的方法)

90.Production has to be increased considerably to (与消费者不断增长的需求保持同步)


91. The more exercise you take,(你越不大可能得感冒)