2009年6月大学英语四级试卷

Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Welcome to our club. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given bellow:

书写提纲:

1. 越来越多的博物馆免费对外开放的目的是什么?

2. 也会带来一些问题

3. 你的看法?


Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)

Directions:In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the
Questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C),and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.

How Do You See Diversity?


1. A、 He just wouldn’t look her in the eye.
    B、 He was slow in answering her questions.
    C、 His answers to some of her questions were irrelevant.
    D、 His answers to some of her questions were irrelevant .
2. A、Racial stereotypes.
    B、Invalid personal bias
    C、Racial stereotypes.
    D、Emphasis on physical appearance
3. A、Hiring qualified technical and management personnel.
    B、Increasing understanding of people of other cultures.
    C、 Constantly updating knowledge and equipment.
    D、Expanding domestic and international markets.
4. A、A real estate agency.
    B、A personnel training company.
    C、A cultural exchange organization.
    D、A hi-tech company
5. A、He had hired the wrong person.
    B、He could have done more for his company.
    C、He had not managed his workforce well.
    D、He must get rid of his gender bias.
6. A、It was well-intentioned but poorly conducted.
    B、It tapped into the executives’ full potential.
    C、It helped him make fair decisions.
    D、 It met participants’ diverse needs.
7. A、A) He told him to get the dates right.
    B、B) He demanded an explanation.
    C、He flatly turned it down
    D、He readily approved it.

8.Doug feltwhen he realized that his assumption was wrong.
9.After attending Mindsets’ workshops, the participants came to know the importance of  to their business.
10.When we view people as individuals and get rid of stereotypes , we can achieve diversity and benefit from thebetween us.
 

Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)

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Section A
Directions:In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer.
         Questions 11 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
11.     A、
       B、
       C、
       D、
12.     A、
       B、
       C、
       D、
13.     A、
       B、
       C、
       D、
14.     A、She expected more people at her party.
       B、She enjoys entertaining small children.
       C、She threw a surprise party for her friend
       D、She has always enjoyed great popularity.
15.     A、They are not used to living in a cold place.
       B、They feel lucky to live in Florida.
       C、They are going to have a holiday.
       D、They have not booked their air tickets yet.
16.     A、 He was pleased to get the medal.
       B、 He was very courageous.
       C、He used to be a firefighter.
       D、He was accused of causing a fire.
17.     A、Make a profitable investment.
       B、Buy a new washing machine
       C、Get parts for the machine from Japan.
       D、Have the old washing machine fixed.
18.     A、He is pleased with his exciting new job.
       B、He finds the huge workload unbearable.
       C、 He finds his office much too big for him.
       D、He is not so excited about his new position.
         Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
16.     A、The woman is going to hold a big party tomorrow.
       B、The man has no idea what the right thing to do is.
       C、The woman doesn’t know how to get to the party.
       D、The man offers to drive the woman to the party.
17.     A、Drawing up a business plan.
       B、Discussing a term paper.
       C、 Finalizing a contract.
       D、Reviewing a co-authored article.
18.     A、 She ordered some paper.
       B、She had the printer repaired.
       C、She chatted online with a friend
       D、She filled in an application form
19.     A、His health is getting worse.
       B、He can no longer work at sea.
       C、His past life upsets him a good deal.
       D、He has not got the expected pension.
        Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
20.     A、She passed away years ago.
       B、She used to work as a model.
       C、She has been working at a clinic.
       D、 She has been seriously ill for years.
21.     A、She has made lots of money as a doctor.
       B、She is going to take care of her old dad.
       C、She has never got on with her father.
       D、She is kind and generous by nature.
22.     A、He dines out with his wife every weekend.
       B、 He is excellent but looks had-tempered.
       C、 He does not care about his appearance.
       D、He is not quite popular with his patients.
Section B
Directions:In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).
Passage One
Questions 26 to 28 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

23.     A、The man has sent the order to the woman by mistake
       B、Some of the telephone systems don’t work properly
       C、Some of the packs do not contain any manuals.
       D、The quality of the goods is not up to the standard.
24.     A、Send a service engineer to do the repairs.
       B、Consult her boss about the best solution.
       C、Pass the man’s order to the right person.
       D、The quality of the goods is not up to the standard.
25.     A、Ideal.
       B、 Temporary
       C、Partial
       D、Creative

Passage Two
Questions 29 to 31 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

26.     A、It is entertaining.
       B、It is a costly hobby.
       C、 It takes lots of time.
       D、It requires training.
27.     A、They can harm nearby plants.
       B、They may catch some disease.
       C、They fight each other for food.
       D、They may pollute the environment.
28.     A、Place the food on warmer spots.
       B、Use prepared feed mixtures only.
       C、Avoid using any contaminated food.
       D、Continue the feeding till it gets warm.

Passage Three
Questions 32 to 35 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

29.     A、He will betray even his best friends.
       B、He is able to make up good excuses.
       C、 He will lie whenever he wants.
       D、He tries to achieve his goal at any cost
30.     A、She made him apologize
       B、She readily forgave him
       C、She broke up with him.
       D、 She refused to answer his calls.
31.     A、Buy her a new set of tires.
       B、Help clean her apartment.
       C、Lend her his batteries.
       D、Move furniture for her.
32.     A、The atmosphere they live in is rather unreal.
       B、Their parents put too much pressure on them.
       C、 It’s hard for them to get along with other kids.
       D、They have to live in the shadow of their parents.

Section C
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 t0 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks ,you can either use the exact words you hove just heard or write down the main points in your own words . Finally, when the passage is read for the third time ,you should check what you have written.

Around 120 years ago, Ebbinghaus began his study of memory. He(36) .on studying how quickly the human mind can remember(37) One result of his research is known as the total time hypothesis(假设), which simply means the amount you learn(38) on the time you spend trying to learn it . This can be taken as our first rule of learning.

Although it is usually true that studying for four hours is better than studying for one, there is still the question of how we should use the four hours. For example, is it better to study for four hours(39) or to study for one hour a day for four days in a (40) ?. The answer, as you may have (41) , is that it is better to spread out the study times. This(42) , through which we can learn more (43) .by dividing our practice time, is known as the distribution of practice effect. Thus, 44)   .   

But we’re not finished yet. We haven’t considered how we should study over very short periods of time. (45) .

.Should you look at the same word in rapid succession, or look at the word and then have some delay before you look at it again ?(46) .

Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth)(25 minutes)

Section A

Directions:In this section ,there is a passage with ten blanks .You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of ch0ices given in a word bank following the passage .Read the passage through carefully before making your choices .Each choice in bank is identified by a letter .Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center .You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.

Every year in the first week of my English class, some students inform me that writhing is too hard. They never write, unless assignments(47) it . They fine the writing process (48) and difficult.

How awful to be able to speak in a language but not to write in it- (49) English , with its rich vocabulary . Being able to speak but not write is like living in an(50) mansion(豪宅) and never leaving one small room . When I meet students who think they can’t write, I know as a teacher my(51) is to show them the rest of the rooms . My task is to build fluency while providing the opportunity inherent in any writing activity to(52) the moral and emotional development of my students . One great way to do this is by having students write in a journal in class every day.

Writing ability is like strength training. Writing needs to be done (53) , just like exercise ; just as muscles grow stronger with exercise , writing skills improve quickly with writing practice. I often see a rise in student confidence and (54) after only a few weeks of journal writing .

 Expressing oneself in writing is one of the most important skills I teach to strengthen the whole student. When my students practice journal writing, they are practicing for their future academic, political, and (55) lives . They build skills so that some day they might write a great novel, a piece of sorely needed legislation, or the perfect love letter. Every day that they write in their journals puts them a step (56) to fluency , eloquence (雄辩), and command of language .

A)closer      B) daily     C) emotional    D) enhance     E) enormous

F)especially      G)  hinder    H) mission     I) painful   J) performance

K) profession        L) remarkably      M) regret      N) sensitive       O) urge


Section B

Directions: There are 2 passages in this section .Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement. For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C),D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.

Passage One
Question 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.

The January fashion show, called FutureFashion , exemplified how far green design has come. Organized by the New York-based nonprofit Earth Pledge, the show inspired many top designers to work with sustainable fabrics for the first time. Several have since made pledges to include organic fabrics in their lines.

The designers who undertake green fashion still face many challenges. Scott Hahn, cofounder with Gregory of Rogan and Loomstate, which uses all-organic cotton, says high-quality sustainable materials can still be tough to fine . “Most designers with existing labels are finding there aren’t comparable fabrics that can just replace what you’re doing and shat your customers are used to,” he says. For example, organic cotton and non-organic cotton are virtually indistinguishable once woven into a dress. But some popular synthetics, like stretch nylon, still have few eco-friendly equivalents.

Those who do make the switch are finding they have more support. Last year the influential trade show Designers & Agents stopped charging its participation fee for young green entrepreneurs(企业家) who attend its two springtime shows in Los Angeles and New York and gave special recognition to designers whose collections are at least 25% sustainable . It now counts more than 50 green designers, up from fewer than a dozen two years ago. This week Wal-Mart is set to announce a major initiative aimed at helping cotton farmers go organic: it will buy transitional(过渡型的) cotton at higher prices , thus helping to expand the supply of a key sustainable material . “Mainstream is about to occur,” says Hahn.

Some analysts(分析师) are less sure . Among consumers, only 18%are even aware that ecofashion exists, up from 6% four years ago. Natalie Hormilla, a fashion writer, is an example of the unconverted consumer, when asked if she owned any sustainable clothes, she replied: “Not that I’m aware of.” Like most consumers, she finds little time to shop, and when she does, she’s on the hunt for “cute stuff that isn’t too expensive.” By her own admission, green just isn’t yet on her mind. But –thanks to the combined efforts of designers, retailers and suppliers –one day it will be.

33. 
A、 He always boasts about his rich father.
B、He will grow up to be good for nothing.
C、He has too much to know the value of things.
D、He is too young to manage his inherited property.
34. 
A、She wants Amanda to get professional care.
B、She has no experience in raising children.
C、She wants to show off her wealth.
D、She has no time to do it herself.
35. 
A、The lifestyle depicted in Hollywood movies.
B、The worship of money, beauty and pleasure.
C、The attention the media focuses on them.
D、The pursuing of perfection in performance.
57. 57. What is said about FutureFashion?
A、 It inspired many leading designers to start going green.
B、It showed that designers using organic fabrics would go far.
C、 It served as an example of how fashion shows should be organized.
D、 It convinced the public that fashionable clothes should be made durable.
58. 58. According to Scott Hahn, one big challenge to designers who will go organic is that .
A、much more time is needed to finish a dress using sustainable materials .
B、they have to create new brands for clothes made of organic materials .
C、customers have difficulty telling organic from non-organic materials .
D、quality organic replacements for synthetics are not readily available .

Passage Two
Questions 62 to 66 are based in the following passage.

Scientists have devised a way to determine roughly where a person has lived using a strand(缕) of hair , a technique that could help track the movements of criminal suspects or unidentified murder victims .

The method relies on measuring how chemical variations in drinking water show up in people’s hair.

“You’re what you eat and drink, and that’s recorded in you hair,” said Thure Cerling, a geologist at the University of Utah.

While U.S diet is relatively identical, water supplies vary. The differences result from weather patterns. The chemical composition of rainfall changes slightly as raid clouds move.

Most hydrogen and oxygen atoms in water are stable , but traces of both elements are also present as heavier isotopes (同位素) . The heaviest raid falls first .As a result, storms that form over the Pacific deliver heavier water to California than to Utah.

Similar patterns exist throughout the U.S. By measuring the proportion of heavier hydrogen and oxygen isotopes along a strand of hair, scientists can construct a geographic timeline. Each inch of hair corresponds to about two months.

Cerling’s team collected tap water samples from 600 cities and constructed a mop of the regional differences. They checked the accuracy of the map by testing 200 hair samples collected from 65 barber shops.

They were able to accurately place the hair samples in broad regions roughly corresponding to the movement of raid systems.

“It’s not good for pinpointing (精确定位),” Cerling said . “It’s good for eliminating many possibilities.”

Todd Park, a local detective, said the method has helped him learn more about an unidentified woman whose skeleton was found near Great Salt Lake.

The woman was 5 feet tall. Police recovered 26 bones, a T-shirt and several strands of hair.

When Park heard about the research, he gave the hair samples to the researchers. Chemical testing showed that over the two years before her death, she moved about every two months.

She stayed in the Northwest, although the test could not be more specific than somewhere between eastern Oregon and western Wyoming.

“It’s still a substantial area,” Park said “But it narrows it way down for me.”

59. 59. We learn from Paragraph 3 that designers who undertake green fashion .
A、can attend various trade shows free .
B、are readily recognized by the fashion world
C、can buy organic cotton at favorable prices .
D、are gaining more and more support .
60. What is Natalie Hormilla’s attitude toward ecofashion?
A、She doesn’t seem to care about it.
B、She doesn’t think it is sustainable
C、She is doubtful of its practical value.
D、 She is very much opposed to the idea
61. 61. What does the author think of green fashion?
A、Green products will soon go mainstream.
B、It has a very promising future.
C、Consumers have the final say.
D、It will appeal more to young people.
62. 62. What is the scientists’ new discovery?
A、One’s hair growth has to do with the amount of water they drink.
B、A person’s hair may reveal where they have lived.
C、 Hair analysis accurately identifies criminal suspects.
D、The chemical composition of hair varies from person to person.
63. 63. What does the author mean by “You’re what you eat and drink” (Line 1, Para.3)?
A、Food and drink affect one’s personality development.
B、Food and drink preferences vary with individuals.
C、Food and drink leave traces in one’s body tissues.
D、Food and drink are indispensable to one’s existence.

Part V Cloze(15 minutes)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage .For each blank there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.

Kimiyuki Suda should be a perfect customer for Japan’s car-makers. He’s a young, successful executive at an Internet-services company in Tokyo and has plenty of disposable 67 . He used to own Toyota’s Hilux Surf, a sport utility vehicle. But now he uses 68 subways and grains . “It’s not inconvenient at all ,” he says 69 , “having a car is so 20th century.”

 Suda reflects a worrisome 70 in Japan; the automobile is losing its emotional appeal, 71 among the young ,who prefer to spend their money on the latest electronic devices. 72 mini-cars and luxury foreign brands are still popular ,everything in between is 73 .Last years sales fell 6.7 percent, 7.6 percent 74 you don’t count the mini-car market . There have been 75 one-year drops in other nations :sales in Germany fell 9 percent in 2007 76 a tax increase . But experts say Japan is 77 in that sales have been decreasing steadily 78 time. Since 1990, yearly new-car sales have fallen from 7.8 million to 5.4 million units in 2007.

Alarmed by this state of 79 , the Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association (JAMA) 80 a comprehensive study of the market in 2006. It found that a 81 wealth gap, demographic(人口结构的) changes and 82 lack of interest in cars led Japanese to hold their 83 longer , replace their cars with smaller ones 84 give up car ownership altogether .JAMA 85 a further sales decline of 1.2 percent this year. Some experts believe that if the trend continues for much longer , further consolidation (合并) in the automotive sector is 86 .

64. A、There is much more rainfall in California than in Utah.    B、 The water it delivers becomes lighter when it moves inland.    C、Its chemical composition is less stable than in other areas.    D、It gathers more light isotopes as it moves eastward.
65. A、A map showing the regional differences of tap water.    B、A collection of hair samples from various barber shops.    C、 A method to measure the amount of water in human hair.    D、A chart illustrating the movement of the rain system.
66. A、It helps analyze the quality of water in different regions.    B、 It helps the police determine where a crime is committed.    C、 It helps the police narrow down possibilities in detective work.    D、 It helps identify the drinking habits of the person under investigation.
67. A、profit    B、payment    C、income    D、budget
68. A、mostly    B、partially    C、occasionally    D、rarely
69. A、Therefore    B、Besides    C、Otherwise    D、 Consequently
70. A、drift    B、tide    C、current    D、trend
71. A、remarkably    B、essentially    C、specially    D、particularly
72. A、While    B、Because    C、When    D、Since
73. A、surging    B、stretching    C、slipping    D、shaking
74. A、unless    B、if    C、as    D、after
75. A、lower    B、slighter    C、broader    D、larger
76. A、liable to    B、in terms of    C、thanks to    D、in view of
77. A、unique    B、similar    C、mysterious    D、strange
78. A、over    B、against    C、on    D、behind
79. A、mess    B、boom    C、growth    D、decay
80. A、proceeded    B、relieved    C、launched    D、revised
81. A、quickening    B、widening    C、strengthening    D、lengthening
82. A、average    B、massive    C、abundant    D、general

Part VI Translation (5 minutes)

Directions:Complete the sentences on Answer Sheet 2 by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets.

87.Soon after he transferred to the new school , Ali found that he had (很难跟上班里的同学)in math and English.
 
88.If she had returned an hour earlier , Mary (就不会被大雨淋湿了).


89.It is said that those who are stressed or working overtime are (更有可能增加体重).

90. (很多人所没有意识到的) is that Simon is a lover of sports. and football in particular.


91. The study shows that the poor functioning of the human body is(与缺乏锻炼密切相关).