2008年6月大学英语四级试卷

Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Welcome to our club. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given bellow:

书写提纲:

1. 娱乐活动多种多样

2. 娱乐可能使人们受益,也可能有危害性

3. 作为大学生,我的看法


Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)

Directions:In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the
Questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C),and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.

Media Selection for Advertisements



1. A、it has large audiences.
    B、it appeals to housewives.
    C、it helps build up a company’s reputation.
    D、it is affordable to most advertisers
2. A、the cost of TV advertising has decreased.
    B、the number of TV viewers has increased.
    C、advertisers’ interest in other media has decreased.
    D、the number of TV ads people can see has increased.
3. A、earn a larger annual ad revenue
    B、convey more detailed messages
    C、use more production techniques
    D、get messages out more effectively
4. A、more local radio stations have been set up.
    B、modern technology makes it more entertaining.
    C、it provides easy access to consumers.
    D、it has been revolutionized by Internet radio.
5. A、reach target audiences.
    B、appeal to educated people.
    C、attract diverse audiences.
    D、convey all kinds of messages.
6. A、billboards can be replaced within two hours.
    B、consumers travel more now than ever before.
    C、such ads have been made much more attractive.
    D、the pace of urban life is much faster nowadays.
7. A、quick to update.
    B、pleasant to look at.
    C、easy to remember.
    D、convenient to access.

8.Internet advertisers will have to adjust their methods to reach audiences that tend to be
9.Direct mail is an effective form of advertising for businesses to develop  .
10.This passage discusses how advertisers select for advertisements.
 

Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)

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Section A
Directions:In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer.
         Questions 11 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
11.  A、
       B、
       C、
       D、
12.  A、
       B、
       C、
       D、
13.  A、
       B、
       C、
       D、
14.  A、Give his ankle a good rest.
       B、Treat his injury immediately.
       C、Continue his regular activities.
       D、Be careful when climbing steps.
15.  A、On a train.
       B、On a plane .
       C、In a theater.
       D、In a restaurant.
16.  A、A tragic accident.
       B、A sad occasion.
       C、Smith’s unusual life story.
       D、Smith’s sleeping problem.
17.  A、Review the details of all her lessons.
       B、Compare notes with his classmates.
       C、Talk with her about his learning problems.
       D、Focus on the main points of her lectures.
18.  A、The man blamed the woman for being careless.
       B、The man misunderstood the woman’s apology.
       C、The woman offered to pay for the man’s coffee.
       D、The woman spilt coffee on the man’s jacket.
         Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
16.  A、Extremely tedious.
       B、Hard to understand.
       C、Lacking a good plot.
       D、Not worth seeing twice.
17.  A、TAttending every lecture.
       B、Doing lots of homework.
       C、Reading very extensively.
       D、Using test-taking strategies.
18.  A、The digital TV system will offer different programs.
       B、He is eager to see what the new system is like.
       C、He thinks it unrealistic to have 500 channels.
       D、The new TV system may not provide anything better.
19.  A、A notice by the electricity board.
       B、Ads promoting electric appliances.
       C、The description of a thief in disguise.
       D、A new policy on pensioners’ welfare.
        Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
20.  A、Speaking with a proper accent.
       B、Wearing an official uniform.
       C、Making friends with them.
       D、Showing them his ID.
21.  A、To be on the alert when being followed.
       B、Not to leave senior citizens alone at home.
       C、Not to let anyone in without an appointment.
       D、To watch out for those from the electricity board.
22.  A、She was robbed near the parking lot.
       B、All her money in the bank disappeared.
       C、The pension she had just drawn was stolen.
       D、She was knocked down in the post office.
Section B
Directions:In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).
Passage One
Questions 26 to 28 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

23.  A、Marketing consultancy.
       B、Professional accountancy.
       C、Luxury hotel management.
       D、ness conference organization.
24.  A、Having a good knowledge of its customs.
       B、Knowing some key people in tourism.
       C、Having been to the country before.
       D、Being able to speak Japanese.
25.  A、It will bring her potential into full play.
       B、It will involve lots of train travel.
       C、It will enable her to improve her Chinese.
       D、It will give her more chances to visit Japan.

Passage Two
Questions 29 to 31 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

26.  A、The lack of time.
       B、The quality of life.
       C、The frustrations at work.
       D、 The pressure on working families.
27.  A、They were just as busy as people of today.
       B、They saw the importance of collective efforts.
       C、They didn’t complain as much as modern man.
       D、They lived a hard life by hunting and gathering.
28.  A、To look for creative ideas of awarding employees.
       B、To explore strategies for lowering production costs.
       C、To seek new approaches to dealing with complaints.
       D、To find effective ways to give employees flexibility.

Passage Three
Questions 32 to 35 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

29.  A、Family violence.
       B、The Great Depression.
       C、Her father’s disloyalty.
       D、Her mother’s bad temper.
30.  A、His advanced age B) His children’s efforts.
       B、His children’s efforts.
       C、His improved financial condition.
       D、His second wife’s positive influence.
31.  A、Love is blind.
       B、Love breeds love.
       C、Divorce often has disastrous consequences.
       D、Happiness is hard to find in blended families.
32.  A、It was located in a park .
       B、 Its owner died of a heart attack.
       C、It went bankrupt all of a sudden.
       D、Its potted plants were for lease only.

Section C
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 t0 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks ,you can either use the exact words you hove just heard or write down the main points in your own words . Finally, when the passage is read for the third time ,you should check what you have written.

We’re now witnessing the emergence of an advanced economy based on information and knowledge. Physical(36) , raw materials, and capital are no longer the key(37) in the creation of wealth. Now, the

The(38) raw material in our economy is knowledge. Tomorrow’s wealth depends on the development and exchange of knowledge. And(39) entering the workforce offer their knowledge, not their muscles. Knowledge workers get paid for their education and their ability to learn. Knowledge workers (40) in mind work. They deal with symbols: words,   (41) , and data. What does all this mean for you? As a future knowledge worker, you can expect to be (42) , processing, as well as exchanging information,  (43) , three out of four jobs involve some form of mind work, and that number will increase sharply in the future. Management and employees alike(44)       In the new world of work, you can look forward to being in constant training(45) .

can also expect to be taking greater control of your career. Gone are the nine-to-five jobs, lifetime security, predictable promotions, and even the conventional workplace, as you are familiar with.(46) . And don’t wait for someone to “empower” you. You have to empower yourself.

Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth)(25 minutes)

Section A

Directions:In this section ,there is a passage with ten blanks .You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of ch0ices given in a word bank following the passage .Read the passage through carefully before making your choices .Each choice in bank is identified by a letter .Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center .You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.

Some years ago I was offered a writing assignment that would require three months of travel through Europe. I had been abroad a couple of times, but I could hardly  (47) to know my way around the continent. Moreover, my knowledge of foreign languages was (48) to a little college French. I hesitated. How would I, unable to speak the language, (49) unfamiliar with local geography or transportation systems, set up(50) and do research? It seemed impossible, and with considerable(51) I sat down to write a letter begging off. Halfway through, a thought ran through my mind: you can’t learn if you don’t try. So I accepted the assignment There were some bad (52) .. But by the time I had finished the trip I was an experienced traveler. And ever since, I have never hesitated to head for even the most remote of places, without guides or even (53) bookings, confident that somehow I will manage. The point is that the new, the different, is almost by definition (54) . But each time you try something, you learn, and as the learning piles up, the world opens to you. I’ve learned to ski at 40, and flown up the Rhine River in a (55) . And I know I’ll go on doing such things. It’s not because I’m braver or more daring than others. I’m not. But I’ll accept anxiety as another name for challenge and I believe I can (56) wonders.

A)accomplish    B)advanced    C)balloon     D) claim     E) constantly

F) declare         G) interviews   H) limited      I) manufacture   J) moments

K) news            L) reduced       M) regret      N) scary       O) totally


Section B

Directions: There are 2 passages in this section .Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement. For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C),D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.

Passage One
Question 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.

Global warming may or may not be the great environmental crisis of the 21st century, but—regardless of whether it is or isn’t—we won’t do much about it. We will argue over it and may even, as a nation, make some fairly solemn-sounding commitments to avoid it. But the more dramatic and meaningful these commitments seem, the less likely they are to be observed.

Al Gore calls global warming an “inconvenient truth,” as if merely recognizing it could put us on a path to a solution. But the real truth is that we don’t know enough to relieve global warming, and—without major technological breakthroughs—we can’t do much about it.

From 2003 to 2050, the world’s population is projected to grow from 6.4 billion to 9.1 billion, a 42% increase. If energy use per person and technology remain the same, total energy use and greenhouse gas emissions (mainly, CO2) will be 42% higher in 2050. But that’s too low, because societies that grow richer use more energy. We need economic growth unless we condemn the world’s poor to their present poverty and freeze everyone else’s living standards. With modest growth, energy use and greenhouse emissions more than double by 2050.

No government will adopt rigid restrictions on economic growth and personal freedom (limits on electricity usage, driving and travel) that might cut back global warming. Still, politicians want to show they’re “doing something.” Consider the Kyoto Protocol(京都议定书). It allowed countries that joined to punish those that didn’t. But it hasn’t reduced CO2 emissions (up about 25% since 1990), and many signatories (签字国)didn’t adopt tough enough policies to hit their 2008-2012 targets.

The practical conclusion is that if global warming is a potential disaster, the only solution is new technology. Only an aggressive research and development program might find ways of breaking our dependence on fossil fuels or dealing with it.

The trouble with the global warming debate is that it has become a moral problem when it’s really an engineering one. The inconvenient truth is that if we don’t solve the engineering problem, we’re helpless..

33. 
A、Planting some trees in the greenhouse.
B、Writing a want ad to a local newspaper.
C、Putting up a Going Out of Business sign.
D、Helping a customer select some purchases.
34. 
A、Opening an office in the new office park.
B、Keeping better relations with her company.
C、Developing fresh business opportunities.
D、They Building a big greenhouse of his own.
35. 
A、Owning the greenhouse one day.
B、Securing a job at the office park.
C、Cultivating more potted plants.
D、Finding customers out of town.
57. 57.What is said about global warming in the first paragraph?
A、It may not prove an environmental crisis at all.
B、IIt is an issue requiring world wide commitments.
C、Serious steps have been taken to avoid or stop it.
D、Very little will be done to bring it under control.
58. 58. According to the author’s understanding, what is Al Gore’s view on global warming?
A、It is a reality both people and politicians are unaware of
B、It is a phenomenon that causes us many inconveniences
C、It is a problem that can be solved once it is recognized
D、It is an area we actually have little knowledge about

Passage Two
Questions 62 to 66 are based in the following passage.

Someday a stranger will read your e-mail without your permission or scan the Websites you’ve visited. or perhaps someone will casually glance through your credit card purchases or cell phone bills to find out your shopping preferences or calling habits.

In fact, it’s likely some of these things have already happened to you. Who would watch you without your permission? It might be a spouse, a girlfriend, a marketing company, a boss, a cop or a criminal. Whoever it is, they will see you in a way you never intended to be seen-the 21st century equivalent of being caught naked.

Psychologists tell us boundaries are healthy, that it’s important to reveal yourself to friends, family and lovers in stages, at appropriate times. But few boundaries remain. The digital bread crumbs (碎削) you leave everywhere make it easy for strangers to reconstruct who you are, where you are and what you like. In some cases, a simple Google search can reveal what you think. Like it or not, increasingly we live in a world where you simply cannot keep a secret. ” The key question is: Docs that matter?

For many Americans, the answer apparently is “no.” When opinion polls ask Americans about privacy, most say they are concerned about losing it. A survey found an overwhelming pessimism about privacy, with 60 percent of respondents saying they feel their privacy is “slipping away, and that bothers me.”

 But people say one thing and do another. Only a tiny fraction of Americans change any behaviors in an effort to preserve their privacy. Few people turn down a discount at tollbooths (收费站) to avoid using the EZ-Pass system that can track automobile movements. And few turn down supermarket loyalty cards. Privacy economist Alessandro Acquisti has run a series of tests that reveal people will surrender personal information like Social Security numbers just to get their hands on a pitiful 50-cents-off coupon (优惠券)。

 But privacy does matter-at least sometimes. It’s like health: When you have it you don’t notice it. Only when it’s gone do you wish you’d done more to protect it.

59. 59. Greenhouse emissions will more than double by 2050 because of _________.
A、economic growth
B、wasteful use of energy
C、The widening gap between the rich and poor
D、the rapid advances of science and technology
60. 60.The author believes that, since the signing of the Kyoto Protocol, _________.
A、politicians have started to do something to better the situation.
B、few nations have adopted real tough measures to limit energy use.
C、reductions in energy consumption have greatly cut back global warming.
D、international cooperation has contribute to solving environmental problems.
61. 61.What is the message the author intends to convey?
A、Global warming is more of a moral issue than a practical one
B、The ultimate solution to global warming lies in new technology
C、The debate over global warming will lead to technological breakthroughs
D、People have to give up certain material comforts to stop global warming
62. 62.What does the author mean by saying “the 21st century equivalent of being caught naked”(Lines 3-4, Para. 2)?
A、People’s personal information is easily accessed without their knowledge.
B、In the 21st century people try every means to look into others’ secrets.
C、People tend to be more frank with each other in the information age.
D、Criminals are easily caught on the spot with advanced technology.
63. 63.What would psychologists advise on the relationships between friends?
A、Friends should open their hearts to each other.
B、Friends should always be faithful to each other.
C、There should be a distance even between friends.
D、There should be fewer disputes between friends.

Part V Cloze(15 minutes)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage .For each blank there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.

Universities are institutions that teach a wide variety of subjects at advanced levels They also carry out research work aimed __67__ extending man’s knowledge of these subjects. The emphasis given to each of these functions__ 68 __and according to the resources available. The smaller and newer universities do not__70 __the staff or equipment to carry out the__71 __ research projects possible in larger institutions __72 __ most experts agree that some research activity is __73 __ to keep the staff and their students in __74 __

with the latest developments in their subjects.

Most students attend a university mainly to

__75 __ the knowledge needed for their chosen__76 __ .Educationists believe that this aim should not be the __77 __ one. Universities have always aimed to produce men and women__78 __ judgment and wisdom as well as knowledge. For this reason, they__79 __ students to meet others with differing__80 __and to read widely to__81 __their understanding in many fields of study. __ 82 __a secondary school course, a student should be interested enough in a subject to enjoy gaining knowledge for its own__83 __.He should be prepared to__84 __ sacrifices to study his chosen __ 85__in depth. He should have an ambition to make some__86__ contribution to man’s knowledge.

64. A、Modern society has finally evolved into an open society.    B、People leave traces around when using modem technology.    C、There are always people who are curious about others’ affairs.    D、Many search engines profit by revealing people’s identities.
65. A、They change behaviors that might disclose their identity.    B、They use various loyalty cards for business transactions.    C、They rely more and more on electronic devices.    D、They talk a lot but hardly do anything about it.
66. A、people will make every effort to keep it.    B、its importance is rarely understood.    C、it is something that can easily be lost.    D、people don’t cherish it until they lose it.
67. A、at    B、by    C、to    D、in
68. A、turns    B、ranges    C、moves     D、varies
69. A、prospect    B、place    C、control    D、favor
70. A、occupy    B、possess    C、involve    D、spare
71. A、maximum    B、medium    C、virtual    D、vast
72. A、But    B、As    C、While    D、For
73. A、natural    B、essential    C、functional    D、optional
74. A、coordination    B、accordance    C、touch    D、grasp
75. A、acquire    B、accept    C、endure    D、ensure
76. A、procession    B、profession    C、possession    D、preference
77. A、typical    B、true    C、mere    D、only
78. A、with    B、under    C、on    D、through
79. A、prompt    B、provoke    C、encourage    D、anticipate
80. A、histories    B、expressions    C、interests    D、curiosities
81. A、Amid    B、After    C、Over    D、Upon
82. A、object    B、course    C、effect    D、sake

Part VI Translation (5 minutes)

Directions:Complete the sentences on Answer Sheet 2 by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets.

87.Our efforts will pay off if the results of this research (能应用于新技术的开发)
 
88.I can’t boot my computer now. Something (一定出了毛病) with its operation system..


89.Leaving one’s job, (不管是什么工作)is a difficult change, even for those who look forward to retiring.

90. (与我成长的地方相比),this town is more prosperous and exciting.


91.

(直到他完成使命)did he realize that he was seriously ill.