2007年12月大学英语四级试卷

Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Welcome to our club. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given bellow:

书写提纲:

1. 各大学开设了各种各样的选修课;

2. 学生因为各种原因选择了不同的选修课

3. 以你自己为例……


Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)

Directions:In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the
Questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C),and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.

Universities Branch Out



1. A、more and more research-oriented .
    B、in-service training organizations.
    C、more popularized than ever before .
    D、a powerful force for global integration
2. A、by 2.5 million.
    B、by 800,000.
    C、at an annual rate of 3.9 percent.
    D、at an annual rate of 8 percent.
3. A、10%
    B、20%
    C、30%
    D、38%
4. A、They organize a series of seminars on world economy.
    B、They offer them various courses in international politics.
    C、They arrange for them to participate in the Erasmus program.
    D、They give them chances for international study or internship.
5. A、Yale’s collaboration with Fudan University on genetic research.
    B、Yale’s helping Chinese universities to launch research projects.
    C、Yale’s students exchange program with European institutions.
    D、Yale’s establishing branch campuses throughout the world.
6. A、It houses many companies spun off from MIT and Harvard.
    B、It is known to be the birthplace of Microsoft Company.
    C、It was intentionally created by Stanford University.
    D、It is where the Internet infrastructure was built up.
7. A、It has increased by 3 percent.
    B、It has been unsteady for years.
    C、It has been more than sufficient.
    D、It doubled between 1998 and 2003.

8.The dramatic decline in the enrollment of foreign students in the U.S. after September 11 was caused by
9.Many Americans fear that American competitiveness may be threatened by foreign students who will  .
10.The policy of welcoming foreign students can benefit the U.S. in that the very best of them will stay and .

Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)

MP3下载
Section A
Directions:In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer.
         Questions 11 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
11.     A、
       B、
       C、
       D、
12.     A、
       B、
       C、
       D、
13.     A、
       B、
       C、
       D、
14.     A、She used to be in poor health.
       B、She was popular among boys.
       C、She was somewhat overweight.
       D、She didn’t do well at high school.
15.     A、At the airport.
       B、In a restaurant.
       C、In a booking office.
       D、At the hotel reception.
16.     A、Teaching her son by herself.
       B、Having confidence in her son.
       C、Asking the teacher for extra help.
       D、Telling her son not to worry.
17.     A、Have a short break.
       B、Take two weeks off.
       C、Continue her work outdoors.
       D、Go on vacation with the man.
18.     A、He is taking care of his twin brother.
       B、He has been feeling ill all week.
       C、He is worried about Rod’s health.
       D、He has been in perfect condition.
         Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
16.     A、She sold all her furniture before she moved house.
       B、She still keeps some old furniture in her new house.
       C、She plants to put all her old furniture in the basement.
       D、She bought a new set of furniture from Italy last month.
17.     A、The woman wondered why the man didn’t return the book.
       B、The man lives two blocks away from the Smiths.
       C、The woman is not sure if she is on the right street.
       D、The woman forgot lending the book to the man.
18.     A、Most of the man’s friends are athletes.
       B、Few people share the woman’s opinion.
       C、The man doesn’t look like a sportsman.
       D、The woman doubts the man’s athletic ability.
19.     A、She has packed it in one of her bags.
       B、She is going to get it at the airport.
       C、She has probably left it in a taxi.
       D、She is afraid that she has lost it.
        Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
20.     A、It ends in winter.
       B、It will cost her a lot.
       C、It will last one week.
       D、It depends on the weather.
21.     A、The plane is taking off soon.
       B、The taxi is waiting for them.
       C、There might be a traffic jam.
       D、There is a lot of stuff to pack.
22.     A、At home.
       B、At the airport.
       C、In the man’s car.
       D、By the side of a taxi.
Section B
Directions:In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).
Passage One
Questions 26 to 29 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

23.     A、She is thirsty for promotion.
       B、She wants a much higher salary.
       C、She is tired of her present work.
       D、She wants to save travel expenses.
24.     A、Translator.
       B、Travel agent.
       C、Language instructor.
       D、Environmental engineer.
25.     A、Lively personality and inquiring mind.
       B、Communication skills and team spirit.
       C、Devotion and work efficiency.
       D、Education and experience.
26.     A、They care a lot about children.
       B、They need looking after in their old age.
       C、They want to enrich their life experience.
       D、They want children to keep them company.

Passage Two
Questions 30 to 32 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

27.     A、They are usually adopted from distant places.
       B、Their birth information is usually kept secret.
       C、Their birth parents often try to conceal their birth information.
       D、Their adoptive parents don’t want them to know their birth parents.
28.     A、They generally hold bad feelings towards their birth parents.
       B、They do not want to hurt the feelings of their adoptive parents.
       C、They have mixed feelings about finding their natural parents.
       D、They are fully aware of the expenses involved in the search.
29.     A、Early adoption makes for closer parent-child relationship.
       B、Most people prefer to adopt children from overseas.
       C、Understanding is the key to successful adoption.
       D、Adoption has much to do with love.

Passage Three
Questions 33 to 35 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

30.     A、He suffered from mental illness.
       B、He bought The Washington Post.
       C、He turned a failing newspaper into a success.
       D、He was once a reporter for a major newspaper.
31.     A、She was the first woman to lead a big U.S. publishing company.
       B、She got her first job as a teacher at the University of Chicago.
       C、She committed suicide because of her mental disorder.
       D、She took over her father’s position when he died.
32.     A、People came to see the role of women in the business world.
       B、Katharine played a major part in reshaping Americans’ mind.
       C、American media would be quite different without Katharine.
       D、Katharine had exerted an important influence on the world.

Section C
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 t0 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks ,you can either use the exact words you hove just heard or write down the main points in your own words . Finally, when the passage is read for the third time ,you should check what you have written.

More and more of the world’s population are living in towns or cities. The speed at which cities are growing in the less developed countries is(36) Between 1920 and 1960 big cities in developed countries (37) two and a half times in size, but in other parts of the world the growth was eight times their size.

The(38) size of growth is bad enough, but there are now also very (39) signs of trouble in the (40) of percentages of people living in towns and percentages of people working in industry. During the nineteenth century cities grew as a result of the growth of industry . In Europe the  (41) of people living in cities was always smaller than that of the(42) working in factories. Now, however, the  (43) is almost always true in the newly industrialized world : (44)       Without a base of people working in industry, these cities cannot pay for their growth;(45) .

There has been little opportunity to build water supplies or other facilities.(46) .        growth in the number of hopeless and despairing parents and starving children. .

Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth)(25 minutes)

Section A

Directions:In this section ,there is a passage with ten blanks .You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of ch0ices given in a word bank following the passage .Read the passage through carefully before making your choices .Each choice in bank is identified by a letter .Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center .You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.

As war spreads to many corners of the globe, children sadly have been drawn into the center of conflicts. In Afghanistan, Bosnia, and Colombia, however, groups of children have been taking part in peace education  (47) The children, after learning to resolve conflicts, took on the (48) . of peacemakers. The Children’s Movement for Peace in Colombia was even nominated (提名) for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1998. Groups of children49 (49) as peacemakers studied human rights and poverty issues in Colombia, eventually forming a group with five other schools in Bogota known as The Schools of Peace.
The classroom
(50) opportunities for children to replace angry, violent behaviors with(51) peaceful ones. It is in the classroom that caring and respect for each person empowers children to take a step(52) toward becoming peacemakers. Fortunately, educators have access to many online resources that are (53) the work of useful when helping children along the path to peace. The Young Peacemakers Club, started in 1922,provides a Website with resources for teachers and (54) on starting a Kindness Campaign. The World Centers of Compassion for Children International call attention to children’s rights and how to help the(55) of war. Starting a Peacemakers’ Club is a praiseworthy venture for a class and one that could spread to other classrooms and ideally affect the culture of the (56) school.

A) acting          B)assuming        C) comprehensive  D)cooperative    E) entire
F) especially   G) forward           H) images                 I) information    J) offers
K) projects       L) respectively   M) role                     N) technology   O) victims


Section B

Directions: There are 2 passages in this section .Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement. For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C),D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.

Passage One
Question 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.

By almost any measure, there is a boom in Internet-based instruction. In just a few years, 34 percent of American universities have begun offering some form of distance learning (DL), and among the larger schools, it’s closer to 90 percent. If you doubt the popularity of the trend, you probably haven’t heard of the University of Phoenix. It grants degrees entirely on the basis of online instruction. It enrolls 90,000 students, a statistic used to support its claim to be the largest private university in the country.

While the kinds of instruction offered in these programs will differ, DL usually signifies a course in which the instructors post syllabi(课程大纲) , reading assignments, and schedules on Websites, and students send in their assignments by e-mail. Generally speaking, face-to-face communication with an instructor is minimized or eliminated altogether.

The attraction for students might at first seem obvious. Primarily, there’s the convenience promised by courses on the Net: you can do the work, as they say, in your pajamas (睡衣). But figures indicate that the reduced effort results in a reduced commitment to the course.While dropout rates for all freshmen at American universities is around 20 percent,the rate for online students is 35 percent.Students themselves seem to understand the weaknesses inherent in the setup.In a survey conducted for eCornell,the DL division of Cornell University, less than a third of the respondents expected the quality of the online course to be as good as the classroom course. Clearly, from the schools’ perspective, there’s a lot of money to be saved. Although some of the more ambitious programs require new investments in severs and networks to support collaborative software, most DL courses can run on existing or minimally upgraded(升级) systems. The more students who enroll in a course but don’t come to campus, the more the schools saves on keeping the lights on in the classrooms, paying doorkeepers, and maintaining parking lots. And, while there’s evidence that instructors must work harder to run a DL course for a variety of reasons, they won’t be paid any more, and might well be paid less.

33. 
A、It’ll enable them to enjoy the best medical care.
B、It’ll allow them to receive free medical treatment.
C、It’ll protect them from possible financial crises.
D、It’ll prevent the doctors from overcharging them.
34. 
A、They can’t immediately get back the money paid for their medical cost.
B、They have to go through very complicated application procedures.
C、They can only visit doctor who speak their native languages.
D、They may not be able to receive timely medical treatment.
35. 
A、They don’t have to pay for the medical services.
B、They needn’t pay the entire medical bill at once.
C、They must send the receipts to the insurance company promptly.
D、They have to pay a much higher price to get an insurance policy.
57. 57.What is the most striking feature of the University of Phoenix?
A、All its courses are offered online.
B、Its online courses are of the best quality.
C、It boasts the largest number of students on campus
D、Anyone taking its online courses is sure to get a degree.
58. 58.According to the passage, distance learning is basically characterized by _________.
A、a considerable flexibility in its academic requirements
B、the great diversity of students’academic backgroundse
C、a minimum or total absence of face-to-face instruction
D、the casual relationship between students and professors

Passage Two
Questions 62 to 66 are based in the following passage.

In this age of Internet chat, videogames and reality television, there is no shortage of mindless activities to keep a child occupied. Yet, despite the competition, my 8-year-old daughter Rebecca wants to spend her leisure time writing short stories. She wants to enter one of her stories into a writing contest, a competition she won last year.

As a writer I know about winning contests, and about losing them. I know what it is like to work hard on a story to receive a rejection slip from the publisher. I also know the pressures of trying to live up to a reputation created by previous victories. What if she doesn’t win the contest again? That’s the strange thing about being a parent. So many of our own past scars and dashed hopes can surface.

A revelation (启示) came last week when I asked her, “Don’t you want to win again?” “No,” she replied, “I just want to tell the story of an angel going to first grade.”

I had just spent weeks correcting her stories as she spontaneously (自发地) told them. Telling myself that I was merely an experienced writer guiding the young writer across the hall. I offered suggestions first grade was quickly “guided” by me into the tale of a little girl with a wild imagination taking her first music lesson. I had turned her contest into my contest without even realizing it.

Staying back and giving kids space to grow is not as easy as it looks. Because I know little about farm animals who use tools or angels who go to first grade. I had to accept the fact that I was co-opting (借用) my daughter’s experience.

While steeping back was difficult for me, it was certainly a good first step that I will quickly follow with more steps, putting myself far enough away to give her room but close enough to help if asked. All the while I will be reminding myself that children need room to experiment , grow and find their own voices.

59. 59.Many students take Internet-based courses mainly because they can ________.
A、earn their academic degrees with much less effort
B、save a great deal on traveling and boarding expense
C、select courses from various colleges and universities
D、work on the required courses whenever and wherever
60. 60.What accounts for the high drop-out rates for online students?
A、There is no strict control over the academic standards of the courses.
B、The evaluation system used by online universities is inherently weak.
C、There is no mechanism to ensure that they make the required effort.
D、Lack of classroom interaction reduces the effectiveness of instruction.
61. 61.According to the passage, universities show great enthusiasm for DL programs for the purpose of ________.
A、building up their reputation
B、cutting down on their expenses
C、upgrading their teaching facilities
D、providing convenience for students
62. 62.What do we learn from the first paragraph?
A、Children do find lots of fun in many mindless activities.
B、Rebecca is much too occupied to enjoy her leisure time.
C、Rebecca draws on a lot of online materials for her writing.
D、A lot of distractions compete for children’s time nowadays.
63. 63.What did the author say about her own writing experience?
A、She did not quire live up to her reputation as a writer.
B、Her way to success was full of pains and frustrations.
C、She was constantly under pressure of writing more.
D、Most of her stories had been rejected by publishers.

Part V Cloze(15 minutes)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage .For each blank there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.

One factor that can influence consumers is their mood state. Mood may be defined __67__ a temporary and mild positive or negative feeling that is generalize and not tied __ 68 __any particular circumstance. Moods should be __69 __ form emotions which are usually more intense, __70 __to specific circumstances, and often conscious.__71 __ one sense, the effect of a consumer’s mood can be thought of in __72 __ the same way as can our reactions to the __73 __ of our friends---when our friends are happy and “ up”, that tends to influence us positively, __74 __ iwhen they are “down”, that can have a__75 __ mood state tend to react to stimuli (刺激因素) in a direction __76 __ many as 10 people have had to shelter __77 __ with that mood state. Thus, for example, we should expect to see __78 __ in a positive mood state evaluate products in more of a __79 __ manner than they would when not in such a state.__80 __, mood states appear capable of __81 __a consumer’s memory. Moods appear to be __ 82 __influenced by marketing techniques. For example, the rhythm, pitch, and __83 __of music has been shown to influence behavior such as the __84 __ of time spent in supermarkets or __ 85__to purchase products. In addition, advertising can influence consumers’ moods which, in__86__ , are capable of influencing consumers’ reactions to products.

64. A、She believed she possessed real talent for writing.    B、She was sure of winning with her mother’s help.    C、She wanted to share her stories with readers.    D、She had won a prize in the previous contest.
65. A、she believed she had the knowledge and experience to offer guidance.    B、she did not want to disappoint Rebecca who needed her help so much.    C、she wanted to help Rebecca realize her dream of becoming a writer.    D、she was afraid Rebecca’s imagination might run wild while writing.
66. A、A writing career, though attractive, is not for every child to pursuer.    B、Children should be allowed freedom to grow through experience.    C、Parents should keep an eye on the activities their kids engage in.    D、Children should be given every chance to voice their opinions.
67. A、as    B、about    C、by    D、with
68. A、over    B、under    C、to    D、up
69. A、derived    B、descended    C、divided    D、distinguished
70. A、related    B、referred    C、attached    D、asscoiated
71. A、On    B、In    C、Of    D、By
72. A、thus    B、much    C、even    D、still
73. A、signal    B、gesture    C、view    D、behavior
74. A、for    B、but    C、unless    D、provided
75. A、relative    B、decisive    C、negative    D、sensitive
76. A、given    B、granted    C、fixed    D、driven
77. A、resistant    B、persistent    C、insistent    D、consistent
78. A、consumers    B、businessmen    C、serious    D、manufacturers
79. A、casual    B、critical    C、serious    D、favorable
80. A、However    B、Otherwise    C、Moreover    D、Nevertheless
81. A、lifting    B、enhancing    C、raising    D、cultivating
82. A、readily    B、rarely    C、cautiously    D、currently

Part VI Translation (5 minutes)

Directions:Complete the sentences on Answer Sheet 2 by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets.

87. (多亏了一系列的新发明), doctors can treat this disease successfully. .
 
88.In my sixties, one change I notice is that (我比以前更容易累了)..

89. I am going to pursue this course, (无论我要作出什么样的牺牲) ..

90.I would prefer shopping online to shopping in a department store because (它更加方便和省时).

91.Many Americans live on credit, and their quality of life(用他们能够借到多少衡量的),not how much they can earn.