2006年6月大学英语四级考试试题

Part I Listening Comprehension

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Section A
1.A、They enjoyed the party better than the other guests.
   B、They knew none of the other guests at the party.
   C、They didn't think much of the food and drinks.
   D、They went a long way to attend the party.
2.A、To the dentist's.
   B、To the market.
   C、To the post office.
   D、To the bookstore.
3.A、She dislikes Dr. Andrews as much as the new physician.
   B、Dr. Andrews has been promoted for his thoroughness.
   C、She disagrees with Dr. Andrews on many occasions.
   D、Dr. Andrews used to keep his patients waiting.
4.A、Tom is usually talkative.
   B、Tom has a very bad temper.
   C、Tom is disliked by his colleagues.
   D、Tom has dozens of things to attend to.
5.A、To find out more about the topic for the seminar.
   B、To make a copy of the schedule for his friend.
   C、To get the seminar schedule for the woman.
   D、To pickup the woman from the library.
6.A、The man doesn't want to sell his textbooks to the woman.
   B、The woman has to get the textbooks in other ways.
   C、The woman has sold her used textbooks to the bookstore.
   D、The man is going to buy his textbooks from a bookstore.
7.A、Give a speech.
   B、Meet his lawyer.
   C、Attend a conference.
   D、Make a business trip.
8.A、Jessie should know the marketing director better.
   B、Jessie is wrong to find fault with her boss.
   C、Jessie seems to have a lot on her mind.
   D、Jessie always says what she thinks.
9.A、Helen is quiet.
   B、Helen is talkative.
   C、Helen is sociable.
   D、Helen is active.
10.A、Jimmy is not serious in making decisions.
   B、Jimmy is rich enough to buy a big house.
   C、Jimmy's words are often not reliable.
   D、Jimmy will regret marrying a Frenchwoman.

Section B

Passage One
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.

11. A、It has done more harm than good in the southern USA.
       B、It was brought to the northern USA by Asian farmers.
       C、It was introduced into the USA to kill harmful weeds.
       D、It can be used by farmers to protect large buildings.
12. A、They will become too hard to plough.
       B、They will soon be overgrown with kudzu.
       C、People will have to rely on kudzu for a living.
       D、People will find it hard to protect the soil.
13. A、The soil there is not so suitable for the plant.
       B、The factories there have found a good use for it.
       C、The farmers there have brought it under control.
       D、The climate there is unfavorable to its growth.

Passage Two
Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.

14. A、The universe as a whole.
       B、A society of legal professionals.
       C、An association of teachers and scholars.
       D、A business corporation.
15. A、Provincial colleges were taken over by larger universities.
       B、Its largest expansion took place during that period.
       C、Small universities combined to form bigger ones.
       D、Its role in society went through a dramatic change.
16. A、Private donations.
       B、Fees paid by students.
       C、Government funding.
       D、Grants from corporations.

Passage Three
Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

17. A、He was interested in the study of wild animals.
       B、He started the organization Heifer International.
       C、He was wounded in the Spanish civil war.
       D、He sold his cows to many countries in the world.
18. A、To make plans for the development of poor communities.
       B、To teach people how to use new skills to raise animals.
       C、To help starving families to become self-supporting.
       D、To distribute food to the poor around the world.
19. A、They should submit a report of their needs and goals.
       B、They should provide food for the local communities.
       C、They should offer all baby animals to their poor neighbors.
       D、They should help other families the way they have been helped.
20. A、It has helped relieve hunger in some developing countries.
       B、It has improved animal breeding skills all over the world.
       C、It has bridged the gap between the rich and the poor in America.
       D、It has promoted international exchange of farming technology.

Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension

Passage One
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:

Educating girls quite possibly yields a higher rate of return than any other investment available in the developing world. Women's education may be unusual territory for economists, but enhancing women's contribution to development is actually as much an economic as a social issue. And economics, with its emphasis on incentives (激励), provides guideposts that point to an explanation for why so many girls are deprived of an education.

Parents in low-income countries fail to invest in their daughters because they do not expect them to make an economic contribution to the family: girls grow up only to marry into somebody else's family and bear children. Girls are thus seen as less valuable than boys and art kept at home to do housework while their brothers are sent to school - the prophecy(预言) becomes self- fulfilling, trapping women in a vicious circle (恶性循环) of neglect.

An educated mother, on the other hand, has greater earning abilities outside the home and faces an entirely different set of choices. She is likely to have fewer but healthier children and can insist on the development of all her children, ensuring that her daughters are given a fair chance. The education of her daughters then makes it much more likely that the next generation of girls, as well as of boys, will be educated and healthy. The vicious circle is thus transformed into a virtuous circle.

Few will dispute that educating women has great social benefits. But it has enormous economic advantages as well. Most obviously, there is the direct effect of education on the wages of female workers. Wages rise by 10 to 20 per cent for each additional year of schooling. Such big returns are impressive by the standard of other available investments, but they are just the beginning. Educating women also has a significant impact on health practices, including family planning.

. 21. The author argues that educating girls in developing countries is ____.
A、rewarding 
B、troublesome 
C、expensive
D、labor-saving
22. By saying "... the prophecy becomes self-fulfilling ..." (Lines 45. Para. 2), the author means that ____.
A、girls will eventually find their goals in life beyond reach
B、girls will be increasingly discontented with their life at home
C、girls will be capable of realizing their own dreams
D、girls will turn out to be less valuable than boys
23. The author believes that a vicious circle can turn into a virtuous circle when ___.
A、women care more about education
B、parents can afford their daughters' education
C、girls can gain equal access to education
D、a family has fewer but healthier children
24. What does the author say about women's education?
A、It has aroused the interest of a growing number of economists.
B、It will yield greater returns than other known investments.
C、It is now given top priority in many developing countries.
D、It deserves greater attention than other social issues.
25. The passage mainly discusses ____.
A、unequal treatment of boys and girls in developing countries
B、the major contributions of educated women to society
C、the economic and social benefits of educating women
D、the potential earning power of well-educated women

Passage Two
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:

Psychiatrists ( 精神病专家) who work with older parents say that maturity can be an asset in child rearing - older parents are more thoughtful, use less physical discipline and spend more time with their children. But raising kids takes money and energy. Many older parents find themselves balancing their limited financial resources, declining energy and failing health against the growing demands of an active child. Dying and leaving young children is probably the older parents' biggest, and often unspoken, fear. Having late-life children, says an economics professor, often means parents, particularly fathers, "end up retiring much later." For many, retirement becomes an unobtainable dream.

Henry Metcalf, a 54-year-old journalist, knows it takes money to raise kids. But he's also worried that his energy will give out first. Sure, he can still ride bikes with his athletic fifth grader, but he's learned that young at heart doesn't mean young. Lately he's been taking afternoon naps (午睡) to keep up his energy. "My body is aging," says Metcalf. "You can't get away from that."

Often, older parents hear the ticking of another kind of biological clock. Therapists who work with middle-aged and older parents say fears about aging are nothing to laugh at. "They worry they'll be mistaken for grandparents, or that they'll need help getting up out of those little chairs in nursery school," says Joann Galst, a New York psychologist. But at the core of those little fears there is often a much bigger one: "that they won't be alive long enough to support and protect their child," she says.

Many late-life parents, though, say their children came at just the right time. After marrying late and undergoing years of fertility (受孕) treatment, Marilyn Nolen and her husband. Randy, had twins. "We both wanted children," says Marilyn, who was 55 when she gave birth. The twins have given the couple what they desired for years, "a sense of family."

Kids of older dads are often smarter, happier and more sociable because their fathers are more involved in their lives. 'The dads are older, more mature," says Dr. Silber, "and more ready to focus on parenting."

26. Why do psychiatrists regard maturity as an asset in child rearing?
A、Older parents can better balance their resources against children's demands.
B、Older parents are usually more experienced in bringing up their children.
C、Older parents are often better prepared financially.
D、Older parents can take better care of their children.
27. What does the author mean by saying "For many, retirement becomes an unobtainable dream" (Lines 7-8, Para. 1)?
A、They have to go on working beyond their retirement age.
B、They can't get full pension unless they work some extra years.
C、They can't obtain the retirement benefits they have dreamed of.
D、They are reluctant to retire when they reach their retirement age.
28. The author gives the example of Henry Metcalf to show that ____.
A、many people are young in spirit despite their advanced age
B、taking afternoon naps is a good way to maintain energy
C、older parents tend to be concerned about their aging bodies
D、older parents should exercise more to keep up with their athletic children
29. What's the biggest fear of older parents according to New York psychologist Joan Galst?
A、Being laughed at by other people.
B、Slowing down of their pace of life.
C、Being mistaken for grandparents.
D、Approaching of death.
30. What do we learn about Marilyn and Randy Nolen?
A、They thought they were an example of successful fertility treatment.
B、Not until they had the twins did they feel they had formed a family.
C、They believed that children born of older parents would be smarter.
D、Not until they reached middle age did they think of having children.

Passage Three
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:

Interest in pursuing international careers has soared in recent years. enhanced by chronic (长久的 ) personnel shortages that are causing companies to search beyond their home borders for talent.

Professionals seek career experience outside of their home countries for a variety of reasons. They may feel the need to recharge their batteries with a new challenge. They may want a position with more responsibility that encourages creativity and initiative. Or they may wish to expose their children to another culture, and the opportunity to learn a second language.

When applying for a job, one usually has to submit a resume or curriculum vitae (CV). The two terms generally mean the same thing: a one- or two-page document describing one's educational qualifications and professional experience. However, guidelines for preparing a r6sum6 are constantly changing. The best advice is to find out what is appropriate regarding the corporate (公司) culture, the country culture, and the culture of the person making the hiring decision. The challenge will be to embrace two or more cultures in one document. The following list is a good place to start.

● "Educational requirements differ from country to country. In almost every case of 'cross- border' job hunting, just stating the title of your degree will not bean adequate description. Provide the reader with details about your studies and any related experience. "

● Pay attention to the resume format you use-chronological or reverse-chronological order. Chronological order means listing your 'oldest' work experience first. Reverse-chronological order means listing your current or most recent experience first. Most countries have preferences about which format is most acceptable. If you find no specific guidelines, the general preference is for the reverse-chronological format. "

● If you are submitting your resume in English, find out if the recipient (收件人) uses British English or American English because there are variations between the two versions. For example, university education is often referred to as 'tertiary education' in the United Kingdom, but this term is almost never used in the United States. A reader who is unfamiliar with these variations may assume that your resume contains errors.

31. Companies are hiring more foreign employees because_______ .
A、they have difficulty finding qualified personnel at home
B、they find foreign employees are usually more talented
C、they need original ideas from employees hired overseas
D、they want to expand their business beyond home borders
32. The author believes that an individual who applies to work overseas ____.
A、is usually creative and full of initiative
B、aims to improve his foreign language skills
C、seeks either his own or his children's development
D、 is dissatisfied with his own life at home
33. When it comes to resume writing, it is best to ____.
A、know the employer's personal likes and dislikes
B、follow appropriate guidelines for job hunting
C、 learn about the company's hiring process
D、take cultural factors into consideration
34. When writing about qualifications, applicants are advised to ____.
A、provide a detailed description of their study and work experiences
B、give the title of the university degree they have earned at home
C、highlight their keen interest in pursuing a 'cross-border' career
D、stress their academic potential to impress the decision maker
35.  According to the author's last piece of advice, the applicants should be aware of ____.
A、the recipient's preference with regard to the format
B、the different educational systems in the US and the UK
C、the differences between the varieties of English
D、the distinctive features of American and British cultures

Passage Four
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:

Speeding off in a stolen car, the thief thinks he has got a great catch. But he is in for an unwelcome surprise. The car is fitted with a remote immobiliser (锁止器), and a radio signal from a control centre miles away will ensure that once the thief switches the engine off, he will not be able to start it again.

The idea goes like this. A control box fitted to the car contains a mini-cellphone, a micro- processor and memory, and a GPS (全球定位系统) satellite positioning receiver. If the car is stolen, a coded cellphone signal will tell the control centre to block the vehicle's engine management system and prevent the engine being restarted.

In the UK, a set of technical fixes is already making life harder for car thieves. 'The pattern of vehicle crime has changed,' says Martyn Randall, a security expert. He says it would only take him a few minutes to teach a person how to steal a car, using a bare minimum of tools. But only if the car is more than 10 years old.

Modern cars are far tougher to steal, as their engine management computer won't allow them to start unless they receive a unique ID code beamed out by the ignition (点火) key. In the UK, technologies like this have helped achieve a 31% drop in vehicle-related crime since 1997.

But determined criminals are still managing to find other ways to steal cars, often by getting bold of the owner's keys. And key theft is responsible for 40% of the thefts of vehicles fitted with a tracking system.

If the car travels 100 metres without the driver confirming their ID, the system will send a signal to an operations centre that it has been stolen. The hundred metres minimum avoids false alarms due to inaccuracies in the GPS signal.

Staff at the centre will then contact the owner to confirm that the car really is missing, and keep police informed of the vehicle's movements via the car's GPS unit.

36. What's the function of the remote immobilizer fitted to a car?
A、To allow the car to lock automatically when stolen.
B、To prevent the car thief from restarting it once it stops.
C、To help the police make a surprise attack on the car thief.
D、To prevent car theft by sending a radio signal to the car owner.
37. By saying 'The pattern of vehicle crime has changed' (Lines 1-2. Para. 3). Martyn Randall suggests that ____.
A、self-prepared tools are no longer enough for car theft
B、the thief has to make use of computer technology
C、 it takes a longer time for the car thief to do the stealing
D、the thief has lost interest in stealing cars over 10 years old
38. What is essential in making a modem car tougher to steal?
A、A GPS satellite positioning receiver.
B、A unique ID card.
C、 A special cellphone signal.
D、A coded ignition key.
39. Why does the tracking system set a 100-metre minimum before sending an alarm to the operations centre?
A、To give the driver time to contact the operations centre.
B、To allow for possible errors in the GPS system.
C、To keep police informed of the car's movements.
D、To leave time for the operations centre to give an alarm.
40. What will the operations centre do first after receiving an alarm?
A、Start the tracking system.
B、Locate the missing car.
C、Contact the car owner.
D、Block the car engine.

Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure

41. A special feature of education at MIT is the opportunity for students and faculty to____ together in research activities.
      A、involve
      B、participate
      C、specialize
      D、consist
42. American college students are increasingly_____ with credit card debt and the consequences can be rather serious.
      A、discharged
      B、dominated  
      C、boosted
      D、burdened
43. Some people argue that the death_____ does not necessarily reduce the number of murders.
      A、penalty
      B、plot
      C、pattern
      D、practice
44. A study shows that students living in non-smoking dorms are less likely to_____ the habit of smoking.
      A、turn up
      B、pick up
      C、make up
      D、draw up
45. The most successful post-career athletes are those who can take the identity and fife skills the learned in sports and_____ them to another area of life.
      A、apply
      B、utilize
      C、employ
      D、exert
46. Many personnel managers say it is getting harder and harder to_____ honest applicants from the growing number of dishonest ones.
      A、dissolve
      B、disguise
      C、discount
      D、distinguish
47. Almost all job applicants are determined to leave a good_____ on a potential employer.
      A、illusion
      B、impression
      C、reflection
      D、reputation
48. Being out of work, lane can no longer_____ friends to dinners and movies as she used to.
      A、treat
      B、appeal
      C、urge
      D、compel
49. Although they lost their jobs, savings and unemployment benefits allow the couple to_____ their comfortable home.
      A、look forward to
      B、catch up with
      C、hold on to
      D、come in for
50. The findings paint a unique picture of the shopping habits of customers, plus their motivation and_____.
      A、possessions
      B、possibilities
      C、privileges
      D、preferences
51. With the increasing unemployment rate, workers who are 50 to 60 years old are usually the first to be_____.
      A、laid aside
      B、laid up
      C、laid out
      D、laid off
52. People's expectations about the future may have more influence on their_____ sense of well-being than their state does.
      A、primitive
      B、modern
      C、current
      D、initial 
53. _____by the superstars on television, the young athletes trained hard and played intensely.
      A、Imitated
      B、Insured
      C、Imposed
      D、Inspired
54. The physical differences between men and women can be_____ directly to our basic n as hunters and child-bearers.
      A、switched  
      B、traced
      C、pursued
      D、followed
55. Many women still feel that they are being_____ by a male culture, particularly in the professional services sector.
      A、held out
      B、held on
      C、held forth
      D、held back
56. The technological advances made it possible for the middle classes to enjoy what had once been_____ only to the very rich.
      A、manageable
      B、acceptable
      C、affordable
      D、measurable
57. After working all day, he was so tired that he was in no___ to go to the party with us.
      A、mood
      B、emotion
      C、sense
      D、taste
58. It is clear that the dog has a much greater____ of its brain devoted to smell than is the case with humans.
      A、composition
      B、proportion
      C、compound
      D、percent
59. There is already clear_____ to show that plants and animals are being affected by climate change.
      A、witness
      B、evidence
      C、identity
      D、certification
60. Numerous studies already link the first meal of the day to better classroom____.
      A、function 
      B、behavior  
      C、performance
      D、display
61. In the US, 88 percent of smokers had started before they were 18, despite the fact that it is____ to sell cigarettes to anyone under that age.
      A、illegal
      B、irrational
      C、liberal
      D、liable
62. Although many experts agree that more children are overweight, there is debate over the best ways to ____the problem.
      A、relate
      B、file
      C、attach
      D、tackle
63. Sadly, as spending on private gardens has____, spending on public parks has generally declined.
      A、lifted
      B、flown
      C、heightened
      D、soared
64. It's good to know that quite a few popular English expressions actually ______from the Bible.
      A、acquire
      B、derive
      C、result
      D、obtain
65. According to the key witnesses, a peculiarly big nose is the criminal's most memorable facial_____.
      A、feature
      B、signature
      C、hint
      D、spot
66. An important factor in determining how well you perform in an examination is the____ of your mind.
      A、case
      B、circumstance
      C、state
      D、situation
67. Brazil's constitution ____ the military use of nuclear energy.
      A、withdraws
      B、interrupts  
      C、objects
      D、forbids
68. Tom, did it ever_____ to you that you would be punished for cheating on exams?
      A、strike
      B、happen
      C、occur
      D、reflect
69. Lung cancer, like some other cancers, often doesn't produce____ until it is too late and has spread beyond the chest to the brain, liver or bones.
      A、symbols
      B、symptoms 
      C、trails
      D、therapies
70. Research shows that there is no____ relationship between how much a person earns and whether he feels good about life.
      A、successive
      B、sincere
      C、significant
      D、subsequent

Part Ⅳ Cloze

The part of the environmental movement that draws my firm's attention is the design of cities, buildings and products. When we designed America's first so-called "green" office building in New York two decades ___71___,we felt very alone. But today, thousands of people come to green building conferences, and the ___72___ that buildings can be good for people and the environment will be increasingly influential in years to ___73___ .

Back in 1984 we discovered that most manufactured products for decoration weren't designed for ___74___ use. The "energy-efficient" sealed commercial buildings constructed after the 1970s energy crisis ___75___ indoor air quality problems caused by materials such as paint, wall covering and carpet. So far 20 years. we've been focusing on these materials ___76___ to the molecules, looking for ways to make them___ 77___ for people and the planet.

Home builders can now use materials-such as paints that release significantly ___78___ amounts of organic compounds -that don't___ 79___ the quality of the air, water, or soil. Ultimately, ___80___, our basic design strategy is focused not simply on being "less bad" but on creating ___81___ healthful materials that can be either safely returned to the soil ___82___ reused by industry again and again. As a matter of___ 83___, the world's largest carpet manufacturer has already ___84___ a carpet that is fully and safely recyclable (可循环利用的).

Look at it this way: No one ___85___ out to create a building that destroys the planet. But our current industrial systems are ___86___ causing these conditions, whether we like it or not. So ___87___ of simply trying to reduce the damage, we are ___88___ a positive approach. We're giving people high-quality, healthful products and an opportunity to make choices that have a ___89___ effect on the world. It's not just the building industry, either. ___90___ cities are taking these environmentally positive approaches to design, planning and building. Portland, Seattle and Boston have said they want to be green cities. Chicago wants to be the greenest city in the world.
71. A、off    B、away    C、before    D、ago
72. A、practice    B、idea    C、outlook    D、scheme
73. A、go    B、continue    C、come    D、arrive
74. A、relevant    B、indoor    C、flexible    D、inward
75. A、revealed    B、displayed    C、exhibited    D、discovered
76. A、back    B、near    C、down    D、next
77. A、cautious    B、comfortable    C、stable    D、safe
78. A、reduced    B、revised    C、delayed    D、descended
79. A、destroy    B、deny    C、dissolve    D、depress
80. A、anyway    B、besides    C、anyhow    D、however
81. A、exactly    B、completely    C、partially    D、superficially
82. A、and    B、nor    C、or    D、but
83. A、principle    B、course    C、interest    D、fact
84. A、developed    B、sketched    C、researched    D、constructed
85. A、looks    B、pulls    C、starts    D、makes
86. A、originally    B、traditionally    C、basically    D、inevitably
87. A、instead    B、because    C、out    D、regardless
88. A、adjusting    B、adopting    C、adapting    D、admitting
89. A、functional    B、sensible    C、beneficial    D、precious
90. A、Full    B、Entire    C、Total    D、Complete

Part Ⅴ Writing

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a poster recruiting volunteers. You should write at Least 120 words following the outline given below:
1. 校学生会将组织一次暑假志愿者活动,现招募志愿者
2. 本次志愿者活动的目的、活动安排等
3. 报名条件及联系方式