2003年1月大学英语四级考试试题

Part I Listening Comprehension

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Section A
1.A、They are both anxious to try Italian food.
   B、They are likely to have dinner together.
   C、The man will treat the woman to dinner tonight.
   D、The woman refused to have dinner with the man.
2.A、It’s only for rent, not for sale.
   B、It’s not as good as advertised
   C、It’s being redecorated.
   D、It’s no longer available.
3.A、Colleagues.
   B、Husband and wife.
   C、Employer and employee.
   D、Mother and son.
4.A、She contacts her parents occasionally.
   B、She phones her parents regularly at weekends.
   C、She visits her parents at weekends when the fares are down.
   D、She often calls her parents regardless of the rates.
5.A、The next bus is coming soon.
   B、The bus will wait a few minutes at the stop.
   C、There are only two or three passengers waiting for the bus.
   D、They can catch this bus without running.
6.A、The assignment looks easy but actually it’s quite difficult.
   B、The assignment is too difficult for them to complete on time.
   C、They cannot finish the assignment until Thursday.
   D、They have plenty of time to work on the assignment.
7.A、The man will go to meet the woman this evening.
   B、The man and the woman have an appointment at 7 o’clock.
   C、The woman can’t finish making the jam before 7 o’clock.
   D、The woman won’t be able to see the man this evening.
8.A、She’s learned a lot from the literature class.
   B、She’s written some books about world classics.
   C、She’s met some of the world’s best writers.
   D、She’s just back from a trip round the world.
9.A、The exam was easier than the previous one.
   B、Joe is sure that he will do better in the next exam.
   C、Joe probably failed in the exam.
   D、The oral part of the exam was easier than the written part.
10.A、She is tired of driving in heavy traffic.
   B、She doesn’t mind it as the road conditions are good.
   C、She is unhappy to have to drive such a long way every day.
   D、She enjoys it because she’s good at driving.

Section B Compound Dictation

It’s difficult to imagine the sea ever running out of fish. It’s so vast, so deep, so(S1) . Unfortunately, it’s not bottomless. Over-fishing,(S2) with destructive fishing practices, is killing off the fish and (S3) their environment.

Destroy the fish, and you destroy the fishermen’s means of living. At least 60 (S4) of the world’s commercially important fish(S5) are already over-fished, or fished to the limit. As a result, governments have had to close down some areas of sea to commercial fishing.

Big, high-tech fleets(S6) that everything in their path is pulled out of water. Anything too small, or the wrong thing, is thrown back either dead or dying. That’s an(S7) of more than 20 million metric tons every year.

(S8)

In some parts of the world, for every kilogram of prawns (对虾) caught, up to 15 kilograms of unsuspecting fish and other marine wildlife die, simply for being in the wrong place at the wrong time.

True(S9) , before every ocean becomes a dead sea.

(S10), then catch them in a way that doesn’t kill other innocent sea life.

Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension

Passage One
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

Like many of my generation, I have a weakness for hero worship. At some point, however, we all begin to question our heroes and our need for them. This leads us to ask: What is a hero?

Despite immense differences in cultures, heroes around the world generally share a number of characteristics that instruct and inspire people.

A hero does something worth talking about. A hero has a story of adventure to tell and a community who will listen. But a hero goes beyond mere fame.

Heroes serve powers or principles larger than themselves. Like high-voltage transformers, heroes take the energy of higher powers and step it down so that it can be used by ordinary people.

The hero lives a life worthy of imitation. Those who imitate a genuine hero experience life with new depth, enthusiasm, and meaning. A sure test for would-be heroes is what or whom do they serve? What are they willing to live and die for? If the answer or evidence suggests they serve only their own fame, they may be famous persons but not heroes. Madonna and Michael Jackson are famous, but who would claim that their fans find life more abundant?

Heroes are catalysts (催化剂) for change. They have a vision from the mountaintop. They have the skill and the charm to move the masses. They create new possibilities. Without Gandhi, India might still be part of the British Empire. Without Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King, Jr., we might still have segregated (隔离的) buses, restaurants, and parks. It may be possible for large-scale change to occur without leaders with magnetic personalities, but the pace of change would be slow, the vision uncertain, and the committee meetings endless.

11. Although heroes may come from different cultures, they ______.
A、generally possess certain inspiring characteristics
B、probable share some weaknesses of ordinary people
C、are often influenced by previous generations
D、all unknowingly attract a large number of fans
12. According to the passage, heroes are compared to high-voltage transformers in that ______.
A、they have a vision from the mountaintop
B、they have warm feelings and emotions
C、they can serve as concrete examples of noble principles
D、they can make people feel stronger and more confident
13. Madonna and Michael Jackson are not considered heroes because ______.
A、they are popular only among certain groups of people
B、their performances do not improve their fans morally
C、their primary concern is their own financial interests
D、they are not clear about the principles they should follow
14. Gandhi and Martin Luther King are typical examples of outstanding leaders who ______.
A、are good at demonstrating their charming characters
B、can move the masses with their forceful speeches
C、are capable of meeting all challenges and hardships
D、can provide an answer to the problems of their people
15. The author concludes that historical changes would_______.
A、be delayed without leaders with inspiring personal qualities
B、not happen without heroes making the necessary sacrifices
C、take place if there were heroes to lead the people
D、produce leaders with attractive personalities

Passage Two
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:

Sport is not only physically challenging, but it can also be mentally challenging. Criticism from coaches, parents, and other teammates, as well as pressure to win can create an excessive amount of anxiety or stress for young athletes(运动员). Stress can be physical, emotional, or psychological and research has indicated that it can lead to burnout. Burnout has been described as dropping or quitting of an activity that was at one time enjoyable.

The early years of development are critical years for learning about oneself. The sport setting is one where valuable experiences can take place. Young athletes can, for example, learn how to cooperate with others, make friends, and gain other social skills that will be used throughout their lives. Coaches and parents should be aware, at all times, that their feedback to youngsters can greatly affect their children. Youngsters may take their parents' and coaches' criticisms to heart and find a flaw (缺陷) in themselves.

Coaches and parents should also be cautious that youth sport participation does not become work for children. The outcome of the game should not be more important than the process of learning the sport and other life lessons. In today's youth sport setting. Young athletes may be worrying more about who will win instead of enjoying themselves and the sport. Following a game many parents and coaches focus on the outcome and find fault with youngsters' performances. Positive reinforcement should be provided regardless of the outcome. Research indicates that positive reinforcement motivates and has a greater effect on learning than criticism. Again, criticism can create high levels of stress, Which can lead to burnout.

16. According to the author’s observation, college students______.
A、have never been so materialistic as today
B、have never been so interested in the arts
C、have never been so financially well off as today
D、have never attached so much importance to moral sense
17. The students’ criteria for selecting majors today have much to do with ______- .
A、the influences of their instructors
B、the financial goals they seek in life
C、their own interpretations of the courses
D、their understanding of the contributions of others
18. By saying “While it’s true that… be they scientific or artistic? (Lines 1-3, Para. 5), the author means that ______ .
A、business management should be included in educational programs
B、human wisdom has accumulated at an extraordinarily high speed
C、human intellectual development has reached new heights
D、the importance of a broad education should not be overlooked
19. Studying the diverse wisdom of others can ______ .
A、create varying artistic interests
B、help people see things in their right perspective
C、help improve connections among people
D、regulate the behavior of modern people
20. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
A、Businessmen absorbed in their career are narrow-minded.
B、Managers often find it hard to tell right from wrong.
C、People engaged in technical jobs lead a more rewarding life.
D、Career seekers should not focus on immediate interests only.

Passage Three
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:

Humanity uses a little less than half the water available worldwide. Yet occurrences of shortages and droughts (干旱) are causing famine and distress in some areas, and industrial and agricultural by-products are polluting water supplies. Since the world's population is expected to double in the next 50 years, many experts think we are on the edge of a widespread water crisis.

But that doesn't have to be the outcome. Water shortages do not have to trouble the world-if we start valuing water more than we have in the past. Just as we began to appreciate petroleum more after the 1970s oil crises, today we must start looking at water from a fresh economic perspective. We can no longer afford to consider water a virtually free resource of which we can use as much as we like in any way we want.

Instead, for all uses except the domestic demand of the poor, governments should price water to reflect its actual value. This means charging a fee for the water itself as well as for the supply costs.

Governments should also protect this resource by providing water in more economically and environmentally sound ways. For example, often the cheapest way to provide irrigation(灌溉)water in the dry tropics is through small-scale projects, such as gathering rainfall in depressions(凹地) and pumping it to nearby cropland.

No matter what steps governments take to provide water more efficiently, they must change their institutional and legal approaches to water use. Rather than spread control among hundreds or even thousands of local, regional, and national agencies that watch various aspects of water use, countries should set up central authorities to coordinate water policy.

21. What is the author’s attitude toward high-tech communications equipment?
A、Critical.
B、Prejudiced.
C、Indifferent.
D、Positive.
22. With the increased use of high-tech communications equipment, businesspeople_______ .
A、have to get familiar with modern technology
B、are gaining more economic benefits from domestic operations
C、are attaching more importance to their overseas business
D、are eager to work overseas
23. In this passage, “out of sight and out of mind” (Lines 2-3, Para. 3) probably means ______ .
A、being unable to think properly for lack of insight
B、being totally out of touch with business at home
C、missing opportunities for promotion when abroad
D、leaving all care and worry behind
24. According to the passage, what is an important consideration of international corporations in employing people today?
A、Connections with businesses overseas.
B、Ability to speak the client’s language.
C、Technical know-how.
D、Business experience.
25. The advantage of employees having foreign language skills is that they can ______.
A、better control the whole negotiation process
B、easily find new approaches to met market needs
C、fast-forward their proposals to headquarters
D、easily make friends with businesspeople abroad

Passage Four
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:

In 1993, New York State ordered stores to charge a deposit on beverage (饮料) containers. Within a year, consumers had returned millions of aluminum cans and glass and plastic bottles. Plenty of companies were eager to accept the aluminum and glass as raw materials for new products, but because few could figure out what to do with the plastic, much of it wound up buried in landfills (垃圾填埋场). The problem was not limited to New York. Unfortunately, there were too few uses for second-hand plastic.

Today, one out of five plastic soda bottles is recycled (回收利用) in the United States. The reason for the change is that now there are dozens of companies across the country buying discarded plastic soda bottles and turning them into fence posts, paint brushes, etc.

As the New York experience shows, recycling involves more than simply separating valuable materials from the rest of the rubbish. A discard remains a discard until somebody figures out how to give it a second life—and until economic arrangements exist to give that second life value. Without adequate markets to absorb materials collected for recycling, throwaways actually depress prices for used materials.

Shrinking landfill space, and rising costs for burying and burning rubbish are forcing local governments to look more closely at recycling. In many areas, the East Coast especially, recycling is already the least expensive waste-management option. For every ton of waste recycled, a city avoids paying for its disposal, which, in parts of New York, amounts to savings of more than $100 per ton. Recycling also stimulates the local economy by creating jobs and trims the pollution control and energy costs of industries that make recycled products by giving them a more refined raw material.

26. It may be inferred from the passage that ______.
A、customer service in Israel is now improving
B、wealthy Israeli customers are hard to please
C、the tourist industry has brought chain stores to Israel
D、Israeli customers prefer foreign products to domestic ones
27. In the author’s view, higher service standards are impossible in Israel ______.
A、if customer complaints go unnoticed by the management
B、unless foreign companies are introduced in greater numbers
C、if there’s no competition among companies
D、without strict routine training of employees
28. If someone in Israel today needs a repairman in case of a power failure, ______.
A、they can have it fixed in no time
B、it’s no longer necessary to make an appointment
C、the appointment takes only half a day to make
D、they only have to wait half an hour at most
29. The example of El Al Airlines shows that ______.
A、revengeful customers are a threat to the monopoly of enterprises
B、an ad campaign is a way out for enterprises in financial difficulty
C、a good slogan has great potential for improving sevice
D、staff retraining is essential for better service
30. Why did Bezaq’s international branch lose 40% of its market share?
A、Because the rates it offered were not competitive enough.
B、Because customers were dissatisfied with its past service.
C、Because the service offered by its competitors was far better.
D、Because it no longer received any support from the government.

Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure

31. Such crimes may be so complex that months or years go by before anyone ______them.
      A、discovered
      B、will discover
      C、would have discovered
      D、discovers
32. Though ______ in a big city, Peter always prefers to paint the primitive scenes of country life.
      A、grown
      B、raised
      C、tended
      D、cultivated
33. The careless man received a ticket for speeding. He ______ have driven so fast.
      A、can’t
      B、wouldn’t
      C、shouldn’t
      D、mustn’t
34. If people feel hopeless, they don’t bother to ______the skills they need to succeed.
      A、adopt
      B、acquire
      C、accumulate
      D、assemble
35. If I ______ harder at school, I would be sitting in a comfortable office now.
      A、worked
      B、were to work
      C、had worked
      D、were working
36. The shop assistant was dismissed as she was______of cheating customers.
      A、accused
      B、charged
      C、scolded
      D、cursed
37. All her energies are _______ upon her children and she seems to have little time for anything else.
      A、guided
      B、aimed
      C、directed
      D、focused
38. While crossing the mountain area, all the men carried guns lest they ______ by wild animals.
      A、should be attacked
      B、had been attacked
      C、must be attacked
      D、would be attacked
39. Every one should be ______ to a decent standard of living and an opportunity to be educated.
      A、attributed
      B、entitled
      C、identified
      D、justified
40. His wife is constantly finding ______ with him, which makes him very angry.
      A、errors
      B、shortcomings
      C、fault
      D、flaw
41. Vitamins are complex ______ that the body requires in very small amounts.
      A、matters
      B、materials
      C、particles
      D、substances
42. Apart from caring for her children, she has to take on such heavy _______ housework as carrying water and firewood.
      A、time-consumed
      B、timely-consumed
      C、time-consuming
      D、timely-consuming
43. Anna was reading a piece of science fiction, completely _______ to the outside world.
      A、having been lost
      B、to be lose
      C、losing
      D、lost
44. The police are trying to find out the ______ of the woman killed in the traffic accident.
      A、evidence
      B、recognition
      C、status
      D、identity
45. All human beings have a comfortable zone regulating the_________ they keep from someone they talk with.
      A、distance
      B、scope
      C、range
      D、boundary
46. We have planned an exciting publicity ________ with our advertisers.
      A、struggle
      B、campaign
      C、battle
      D、conflict
47. _________ the help of their group, we would not have succeeded in the investigation.
      A、Besides
      B、Regardless of
      C、But for
      D、Despite
48. _________ much is known about what occurs during sleep, the precise function of sleep and it different stages remains largely in the realm of assumption.
      A、Because
      B、For
      C、Since
      D、While
49. John doesn’t believe in _________ medicine; he has some remedies of his own.
      A、standard
      B、regular
      C、routine
      D、conventional
50. Owning to ________ competition among the airlines, travel expenses have been reduced considerably.
      A、fierce
      B、strained
      C、eager
      D、critical
51. They always give the vacant seats to _______ comes first.
      A、whoever
      B、whomever
      C、who
      D、whom
52. In Africa, educational costs are very low for those who are _______ enough to get into universities.
      A、ambitious
      B、fortunate
      C、aggressive
      D、substantial
53. Professor Wang, _______ for his informative lectures, was warmly received by his students.
      A、knowing
      B、known
      C、to be known
      D、having known
54. Our manager is _____ an important customer now and he will be back this afternoon.
      A、calling on
      B、calling in
      C、calling up
      D、calling for
55. A fire engine must have priority as it usually has to deal with some kind of_________.
      A、precaution
      B、crisis
      C、emergency
      D、urgency
56. He said that the driver must have had an accident; otherwise he _______by then.
      A、would have arrived
      B、must have arrived
      C、should arrive
      D、would arrive
57. The film provides a deep __________ into a wide range of human qualities and feelings.
      A、insight
      B、imagination
      C、fancy
      D、outlook
58. It is high time that such practices _________.
      A、are ended
      B、be ended
      C、were ended
      D、must be ended
59. Urban crowdedness would be greatly relieved if only the _________ charged on public transport were more reasonable.
      A、fees
      B、fares
      C、payments
      D、costs
60. The doctor had almost lost hope at one point, but the patient finally _______.
      A、pulled out
      B、pulled through
      C、pulled up
      D、pulled over

Part Ⅳ Cloze

A language is a signaling system which operates with symbolic vocal sounds (语声), and which is used by a group of people for the purpose of communication.

Let’s look at this___61___in more detail because it is language, more than anything else,___62___distinguishes man from the rest of the___63___world.

Other animals, it is true, communicate with one another by___64___of cries: for example, many birds utter___65___calls at the approach of danger; monkeys utter___66___cries, such as expressions of anger, fear and pleasure.___67___these various means of communication differ in important ways___68___human language. For instance, animals’ cries do not___69___thoughts and feelings clearly. This means, basically, that they lack structure. They lack the kind of structure that___70___us to divide a human utterance into___71___.

We can change an utterance by___72___one word in it with___73___: a good illustration of this is a soldier who can say, e.g., “tanks approaching from the north”,___74___who can change one word and say “aircraft approaching from the north” or “tanks approaching from the west”; but a bird has a single alarm cry,___75___means “danger!”

This is why the number of___76___that an animal can make is very limited: the great tit (山雀) is a case___77___point; it has about twenty different calls,___78___in human language the number of possible utterances is___79___. It also explains why animal cries are very___80___in meaning.

61. A、classification    B、definition    C、function    D、perception
62. A、that    B、it    C、as    D、what
63. A、native    B、human    C、physical    D、animal
64. A、ways    B、means    C、methods    D、approaches
65. A、mating    B、exciting    C、warning    D、boring
66. A、identical    B、similar    C、different    D、unfamiliar
67. A、But    B、Therefore    C、Afterwards    D、Furthermore
68. A、about    B、with    C、from    D、in
69. A、infer    B、explain    C、interpret    D、express
70. A、encourages    B、enables    C、enforces    D、ensures
71. A、speeches    B、sounds    C、words    D、voices
72. A、replacing    B、spelling    C、pronouncing    D、saying
73. A、ours    B、theirs    C、another    D、others
74. A、so    B、and    C、but    D、or
75. A、this    B、that    C、which    D、it
76. A、signs    B、gestures    C、signals    D、marks
77. A、in    B、at    C、of    D、for
78. A、whereas    B、since    C、anyhow    D、somehow
79. A、boundless    B、changeable    C、limitless    D、ceaseless
80. A、ordinary    B、alike    C、common    D、general

Part Ⅴ Writing

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: It Pays to Be Honest.You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:
1.当前社会上存在许多不诚实的现象
2.诚实利人利己,做人应该诚实