2001年6月大学英语四级考试试题

Part I Listening Comprehension

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Section A
1.A、A math teacher and his colleague.
   B、A teacher and his student.
   C、A librarian and a student
   D、A student and his classmate.
2.A、Tony thought the experiment was well done.
   B、Tony finished the experiment last night.
   C、Tony could not continue the experiment
   D、Tony had expected the experiment to be easier.
3.A、She wants to save money to buy a piano.
   B、The present apartment is too expensive.
   C、She can't put up with the noise.
   D、She has found a job a neighbouring area.
4.A、He has made great progress in his English.
   B、He is not very interested in English songs.
   C、He is a student of the music department.
   D、He is not very enthusiastic about his English lessons.
5.A、In a car
   B、On the street.
   C、In a restaurant
   D、 At home.
6.A、His injury kept him at home.
   B、He was too weak to see the doctor.
   C、He didn't think it necessary.
   D、He failed to make an appointment.
7.A、5:10.
   B、5:00.
   C、4:30
   D、5:15
8.A、The man is talking with his boss.
   B、The man needs help.
   C、The man is complaining.
   D、The man likes his job.
9.A、Wear a new dress.
   B、Attend a party
   C、Go shopping.
   D、Make a silk dress.
10.A、He exaggerated his part.
   B、He played his part quite well.
   C、He was not dramatic enough.
   D、He performed better than the secretary.

Section B Compound Dictation

  If you are a young college student, most of your concerns about your health and happiness in life are probably(S1) on the present. Basically, you want to feel good physically, mentally, and (S2) now. You probably don't spend much time worrying about the (S3) future, such as whether you will develop heart disease, or (S4) , how you will take care of yourself in your (S5) years, or how long you are going to live. Such thoughts may have (S6) your mind once in a while however, if you are in your thirties, forties, fifties, or older, such health related thoughts are likely to become(S7) important to you .

  (S8) that will help you feel better physically and mentally. Recently researchers have found that, even in late adulthood, exercise, strength training with weights, and better food can help elderly individuals significantly improve their health and add happiness to their life. (S9) giving us the opportunity to avoid some of health porblems that have troubled them.(S10)

Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension

Passage One
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

People living on part of the south coast of England face a serious problem. In 1993, the owners of a large hotel and of several houses discovered, to their horror, that their gardens had disappeared overnight. The sea had eaten into the soft limestone cliffs on which they had been built. While experts were studying the problem, the hotel and several houses disappeared altogether, sliding down the cliff and into the sea.

Erosion(侵蚀)of the white cliffs along the south coast of England has always been a problem but it has become more serious in recent years. Dozens of homes have had to be abandoned as the sea has crept farther and farther inland. Experts have studied the areas most affected and have drawn up a map for local people, forecasting the year in which their homes will be swallowed up by the hungry sea.

Angry owners have called on the Government to erect sea defenses to protect their homes. Government surveyors have pointed out that in most cases, this is impossible .New sea walls would cost hundreds of millions of pounds and would merely make the waves and currents go further along the coast, shifting the problem from one area to another. The danger is likely to continue, they say, until the waves reach an inland area of hard rock which will not be eaten as limestone is. Meanwhile, if you want to buy a cheap house with an uncertain future, apply to a house agent in one of the threatened areas on the south coast of England. You can get a house for a knockdown price but it may turn out to be a knockdown home.

11. 
A、
B、
C、
D、
12. 
A、
B、
C、
D、
13. 
A、
B、
C、
D、
14. 
A、
B、
C、
D、
15. 
A、
B、
C、
D、

Passage Two
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:

Sport is not only physically challenging, but it can also be mentally challenging. Criticism from coaches, parents, and other teammates, as well as pressure to win can create an excessive amount of anxiety or stress for young athletes(运动员). Stress can be physical, emotional, or psychological and research has indicated that it can lead to burnout. Burnout has been described as dropping or quitting of an activity that was at one time enjoyable.

The early years of development are critical years for learning about oneself. The sport setting is one where valuable experiences can take place. Young athletes can, for example, learn how to cooperate with others, make friends, and gain other social skills that will be used throughout their lives. Coaches and parents should be aware, at all times, that their feedback to youngsters can greatly affect their children. Youngsters may take their parents' and coaches' criticisms to heart and find a flaw (缺陷) in themselves.

Coaches and parents should also be cautious that youth sport participation does not become work for children. The outcome of the game should not be more important than the process of learning the sport and other life lessons. In today's youth sport setting. Young athletes may be worrying more about who will win instead of enjoying themselves and the sport. Following a game many parents and coaches focus on the outcome and find fault with youngsters' performances. Positive reinforcement should be provided regardless of the outcome. Research indicates that positive reinforcement motivates and has a greater effect on learning than criticism. Again, criticism can create high levels of stress, Which can lead to burnout.

16. 
A、
B、
C、
D、
17. 
A、
B、
C、
D、
18. 
A、
B、
C、
D、
19. 
A、
B、
C、
D、
20. 
A、
B、
C、
D、

Passage Three
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:

Humanity uses a little less than half the water available worldwide. Yet occurrences of shortages and droughts (干旱) are causing famine and distress in some areas, and industrial and agricultural by-products are polluting water supplies. Since the world's population is expected to double in the next 50 years, many experts think we are on the edge of a widespread water crisis.

But that doesn't have to be the outcome. Water shortages do not have to trouble the world-if we start valuing water more than we have in the past. Just as we began to appreciate petroleum more after the 1970s oil crises, today we must start looking at water from a fresh economic perspective. We can no longer afford to consider water a virtually free resource of which we can use as much as we like in any way we want.

Instead, for all uses except the domestic demand of the poor, governments should price water to reflect its actual value. This means charging a fee for the water itself as well as for the supply costs.

Governments should also protect this resource by providing water in more economically and environmentally sound ways. For example, often the cheapest way to provide irrigation(灌溉)water in the dry tropics is through small-scale projects, such as gathering rainfall in depressions(凹地) and pumping it to nearby cropland.

No matter what steps governments take to provide water more efficiently, they must change their institutional and legal approaches to water use. Rather than spread control among hundreds or even thousands of local, regional, and national agencies that watch various aspects of water use, countries should set up central authorities to coordinate water policy.

21. 
A、
B、
C、
D、
22. 
A、
B、
C、
D、
23. 
A、
B、
C、
D、
24. 
A、
B、
C、
D、
25. 
A、
B、
C、
D、

Passage Four
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:

In 1993, New York State ordered stores to charge a deposit on beverage (饮料) containers. Within a year, consumers had returned millions of aluminum cans and glass and plastic bottles. Plenty of companies were eager to accept the aluminum and glass as raw materials for new products, but because few could figure out what to do with the plastic, much of it wound up buried in landfills (垃圾填埋场). The problem was not limited to New York. Unfortunately, there were too few uses for second-hand plastic.

Today, one out of five plastic soda bottles is recycled (回收利用) in the United States. The reason for the change is that now there are dozens of companies across the country buying discarded plastic soda bottles and turning them into fence posts, paint brushes, etc.

As the New York experience shows, recycling involves more than simply separating valuable materials from the rest of the rubbish. A discard remains a discard until somebody figures out how to give it a second life—and until economic arrangements exist to give that second life value. Without adequate markets to absorb materials collected for recycling, throwaways actually depress prices for used materials.

Shrinking landfill space, and rising costs for burying and burning rubbish are forcing local governments to look more closely at recycling. In many areas, the East Coast especially, recycling is already the least expensive waste-management option. For every ton of waste recycled, a city avoids paying for its disposal, which, in parts of New York, amounts to savings of more than $100 per ton. Recycling also stimulates the local economy by creating jobs and trims the pollution control and energy costs of industries that make recycled products by giving them a more refined raw material.

26. 
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B、
C、
D、
27. 
A、
B、
C、
D、
28. 
A、
B、
C、
D、
29. 
A、
B、
C、
D、
30. 
A、
B、
C、
D、

Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure

31. By the time he arrives in Beijing, we _____here for two days.
      A、have been staying
      B、have stayed
      C、shall stay
      D、will have stayed
32. According to the American federal government, residents of Hawaii have the longest life ______ :77.2 years.
      A、scope
      B、rank
      C、span
      D、scale
33. The millions of calculations involved, had they been done by hand, ______all practical value by the time they were finished.
      A、had lost
      B、would lose
      C、would have lost
      D、should have lost
34. As a public relations officer, he is said ______some very influential people.
      A、to have been knowing
      B、to be knowing
      C、to have known
      D、to know
35. Our hopes ______ and fell in the same instant.
      A、aroused
      B、arose
      C、raised
      D、rose
36. With the development in science and technology man can make various flowers ______before their time.
      A、be bloomed
      B、blooming
      C、bloom
      D、bloomed
37. A season ticket _______the holder to make as many journeys as he wishes within the stated period of time.
      A、grants
      B、promises
      C、entitles
      D、presents
38. _______in the office had a mistake, and the firm regretted causing the customer inconvenience.
      A、Some
      B、Anyone
      C、One
      D、Someone
39. In recent years much more emphasis has been put _____developing the students productive skills.
      A、over
      B、onto
      C、in
      D、on
40. Only a selected number of landladies in the neighbourhood have been allowed by the university to take in ______.
      A、residents
      B、inhabitants
      C、lodgers
      D、settlers
41. The fire was finally brought under control, but not ______ extensive damage had been caused.
      A、 after
      B、before
      C、since
      D、as
42. Purchasing the new production line will be a _____deal for the company.
      A、profitable
      B、tremendous
      C、forceful
      D、favorite
43.  Rod is determined to get a seat for the concert _____it means standing in a queue all night.
      A、provided
      B、whatever
      C、even if
      D、as if
44. We hadn't met for 20 years, but I recognized her _____I saw her .
      A、A) for the moment
      B、the moment when
      C、at the moment when
      D、the moment
45. Though he was born and brought up in America, he can speak ______ Chinese.
      A、smooth
      B、fluent
      C、fluid
      D、flowing
46. Government reports examination compositions legal documents and most business letters are the main situations _____formal language is used.
      A、in which
      B、on which
      C、in that
      D、at what
47. Fifty year ago, wealthy people liked hunting wild animals for fun ______ sightseeing.
      A、than to go
      B、rather than to go
      C、more than going
      D、other than going
48. If the building project _____by the end of this month is delayed, the construction company will be fined.
      A、 to be completed
      B、is completed
      C、being completed
      D、completed
49.  He wrote an article criticizing the Greek poet and won ______and a scholarship.
      A、status
      B、fame
      C、faith
      D、courage
50. Jack wishes that he ______business instead of history when he was in university.
      A、had studied
      B、study
      C、studied
      D、had been studying
51. The older New England villages have changed relatively little _____a gas station or two in recent decades.
      A、except
      B、besides
      C、in addition to
      D、except for
52. The Car Club couldn't ______to meet the demands of all its members.
      A、ensure
      B、guarantee
      C、assume
      D、confirm
53. Extensive reporting on television has helped to ______interest in a wide variety of sports and activities.
      A、gather
      B、generate
      C、assemble
      D、yield
54. The president promised to keep all the board members ______ of how the negotiations were going on.
      A、informed
      B、inform
      C、be informed
      D、informing
55. Eating too much fat can ______heart disease and cause high blood pressure.
      A、contribute to
      B、attribute to
      C、attend to
      D、devote to
56. All the tasks _____ahead of time, they decided to go on holiday for a week.
      A、had been fulfilled
      B、were fulfilled
      C、having been fulfilled
      D、been fulfilled
57. This article ______more attention to the problem of cultural interference in foreign language teaching and learning.
      A、calls for
      B、applies for
      C、cares for
      D、allows for
58. He was punished ______he should make the same mistake again.
      A、unless
      B、lest
      C、if
      D、provided
59. Petrol is refined from the ______oil we take out of the ground.
      A、fresh
      B、original
      C、rude
      D、crude
60. ______ in the United States, St. Louis has now become the 24th largest city.
      A、The fourth biggest city it was
      B、Once the fourth biggest city
      C、Being the fourth biggest city
      D、It was once the fourth biggest city

Part Ⅳ Cloze

More than forty thousand readers told us what they looked for in close friendships, what they expected___61___friends, what they were willing to give in___62___, and how satisfied they were___63___the quality of their friendships. the___64___give little comfort to social critics.

Friendship___65___to be a unique form of___66___bonding. Unlike marriage or the ties that___67___parents and children, it is not defined or regulated by___68___.Unlike other social roles that we are expected to___69___-- as citizens, employees, members of professional societies and___70___organizations-it has its own principle , which is to promote___71___of warmth, trust, love, and affection___72___two people.

The survey on friendship appeared in the March___73___of Psychology Today. The findings___74___that issues of trust and betrayal (背叛) are___75___to friendship. They also suggest that our readers do not___76___for friends only among those who are___77___like them, but find many___78___differ in race, religion, and ethnic (种族的) background. Arguably the most important___79___that emerges from the data,___80___, is not something that we found-but what we did not.

61. A、on    B、of    C、to    D、for
62. A、addition    B、reply    C、turn    D、return
63. A、about    B、of    C、with    D、by
64. A、results    B、effects    C、expectations    D、consequences
65. A、feels    B、leads    C、sounds    D、appears
66. A、human    B、mankind    C、individual    D、civil
67. A、bind    B、attach    C、control    D、attract
68. A、discipline    B、law    C、rule    D、regulation
69. A、keep    B、do    C、show    D、play
70. A、all    B、any    C、other    D、those
71. A、friendship    B、interests    C、feelings    D、impressions
72. A、between    B、on    C、in    D、for
73. A、print    B、issue    C、publication    D、copy
74. A、secure    B、assure    C、confirm    D、resolve
75. A、neutral    B、main    C、nuclear    D、central
76. A、ask    B、call    C、appeal    D、look
77. A、most    B、more    C、least    D、less
78. A、people    B、who    C、what    D、friends
79. A、conclusions    B、summary    C、decision    D、claim
80. A、moreover    B、however    C、still    D、yet

Part Ⅴ Writing

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a letter. Suppose you are Zhang Ying. Write a letter to Xiao Wang, a schoolmate of yours who is going to visit you during the week-long holiday. You should write at least 100 words according to the suggestions given below in Chinese.
1.表示欢迎
2.提出过度假安排的建议
3.提醒应注意的事项