Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage:
AWe might wonder at the progress made in every field of study, but the methods of testing a person’s knowledge and ability remain as primitive (原始的) as ever they were. It really is extraordinary that after all these years; educationalists have still failed to devise anything more efficient and reliable than examinations. For the claim that examinations test what you know, it is common knowledge that they more often do the opposite. They may be a good means of testing memory or the knack of working rapidly under extreme pressure, but they can tell you nothing about a person’s true ability.
As anxiety (焦虑) makers, examinations are second to none. That is because so much depends on them. They are the mark of success or failure in our society. Your whole future may be decided in one fateful day. It doesn’t matter that you weren’t feeling very well, or that your mother died. Little things like that don’t count: the exam goes on. No one can give of his best when he is in great terror, or after a sleepless night, yet this is precisely what the examination system expects him to do. The moment a child begins school, he enters a world of violent competition where success and failure are clearly defined and measured. Can we wonder at the increasing number of drop-outs: young people who are written off as complete failures before they have even started a career? Can we be surprised at the suicide (自杀) rate among students?
61. According to the writer, what do examinations NOT test?
61. According to the writer, what do examinations NOT test?
62. What does the word “knack” most likely mean in Paragraph One?
A、 “special skill”
63. How do examinations often make young people feel?
A、Annoyed and angry.
B、Sorry and sad.
C、Surprised and disappointed.
D、Worried and upset.
64. Which of the following situations would the writer hope to see about young people at school?
A、Their success and failure are clearly defined by exams.
B、They work hard before the examination day.
C、Their failure is decided on the examination day.
D、Few of them drop out of school.
65. What is the writer’s attitude toward examinations?
Questions 66 to 70 are based on the following passage:
Perhaps the most amazing thing to come out of kinesics, the study of body movement, was suggested by Professor Ray Birdwhistell. He believes that physical appearance is often culturally programmed. In other words, we learn our looks – we are not born with them. A baby has generally unformed facial ( 脸部的) features. A baby, according to Birdwhistell, learns where to set eyebrows by looking at those around – family and friends.
This helps explain why the people of some regions of the United States look so much alike. New Englanders or southerners have certain common facial characteristics that cannot be explained by genetics (遗传学). The exact shape of the mouth is not set at birth. It is learned later. In fact, the final mouth shape is not formed until well into adolescence (青春期). A husband and wife together for a long time often come to look somewhat alike. We learn our looks from those around us.
This is perhaps why in a single country there are areas where people smile more than those in other areas. In the United States, for example, the South is the part where people smile most frequently. In New England they smile less, and in the western part of New York State still less. Many southerners find cities such as New York cold and unfriendly, partly because people on Madison Avenue smile less than people on Peach Tree Street in Atlanta, Georgia. People in densely populated urban areas also tend to smile and greet each other in public less than do people in rural areas and small towns. (262W).
66. What does the passage mainly say about babies?
A、Babies copy their facial features from their parents.
B、They always look at people around them.
C、Their facial features are formed after birth.
D、They have different facial features.
67. How does the writer feel about Prof. Birdwhistell’s conclusion?
A、He is very surprised but believes it.
B、He is quite worried about it
C、He is rather doubtful about it.
D、He is puzzled about it.
68. What does the passage tell us about the mouth shape?
A、New Englanders and southerners have similar mouth shape.
B、Husband and wife usually share their mouth shape.
C、People living close together may have similar mouth shape.
D、It takes a few years to shape the mouth.
69. Which group of the people in the US look most unfriendly according to the passage?
A、People in the city of New York.
B、People in western rural areas.
C、People in the city of Atlanta.
D、People in southern states.
70. What is the main idea of the passage?
A、People in rural areas and small towns are usually more friendly.
B、Both babies and adults learn from their environment.
C、Genetics cannot explain certain common facial characteristics.
D、Physical appearance is learned after birth.
Questions 71 to 75 are based on the following passage:
In 18th-century colonial (殖民地的) America, those who wanted to become doctors either learned as personal students from established professionals or went abroad to study in the traditional schools of London, Paris, and Edinburgh. Medicine was first taught formally by specialists at the University of Pennsylvania, beginning in 1765, and 1767 at King’s College (now Columbia University), the first institution in the colonies to give the degree of doctor of medicine. Following the American Revolution, the Columbia medical faculty (formerly of King’s College) was combined with the College of Physicians and Surgeons, which survives as a division of Columbia University.
In 1893 the Johns Hopkins Medical School required all applicants to have a college degree and was the first to afford its students the opportunity to further their training in an attached teaching hospital. The growth of medical schools attached with established institutions of learning went together with the development of private schools of medicine run for personal profit, most of which had low standards and poor facilities. In 1910 Abraham Flexner, the American education reformer, wrote Medical Education in the United States and Canada, exposing the poor conditions of most private schools. Later on, the American Medical Association and the Association of American Medical Colleges laid down standards for course content, qualifications of teachers, laboratory facilities, connections with teaching hospitals, and licensing (发放执照) of medical professionals that survive to this day.
By the late 1980s the U.S. and Canada had 142 four-year medical colleges recognized by Liaison Committee on Medical Education to offer the M.D. degree; during the 1987-88 academic year, 47,262 men and 25,686 women entered these colleges and an estimated 11,752 men and 5,958 women were graduated. Graduates, after a year of internship (实习), received licenses of practice if they pass an examination given either by a state board or by the National Board of Medical Examiners. (308W).
71. Which institution first taught medicine in colonial America?
A、The University of Pennsylvania.
B、University of London
72. Which of the following is FALSE about the Johns Hopkins Medical School according to the passage?
A、Its students must go to college before they could be trained there.
B、Its students received training both in classroom and hospital.
C、It was the first school with an attached teaching hospital then.
D、It had a teaching hospital attached to it in 1893.
73. What does the passage say about the private schools of medicine?
A、They developed later than those established medical schools.
B、They were promoted by Abraham Flexner.
C、They were controlled by the state government.
D、Most of then had poor conditions.
74. What do we learn from the last paragraph of the passage?
A、There were more female graduates than male ones in 1987-88 academic year.
B、In the late 1980s, the US and Canada had 142 medical colleges altogether.
C、To get licenses to practice, graduates must take an important examination.
D、Internship was part of medical students’ training before graduation.
75. Which of the following is the best title of the passage?
A、Medical Profession in the US.
B、Medical Students in the US.
C、Medical Education in the US.
D、Medical Schools in the US.