2008年1月浙江省大学英语三级考试试卷

Part I Listening Comprehension

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Section A
1.A、At 6:40
   B、At 6:48
   C、At 7:00
   D、At 7:20
2.A、Horror movies are interesting
   B、Horror movies make her crazy.
   C、She doesn’t like watching movies.
   D、She prefers love stories.
3.A、At a hotel.
   B、At an office.
   C、At home
   D、At a restaurant.
4.A、A travel agent.
   B、A school teacher.
   C、A customer officer.
   D、A receptionist.
5.A、$115
   B、About $75
   C、$150
   D、About $300.
6.A、Eat out with the man
   B、Study at home.
   C、Watch a movie with friends.
   D、Watch TV at home.
7.A、At the airport.
   B、On a ship
   C、At the office
   D、In a car.
8.A、She is not going to the theater.
   B、She won’t get sleepy when driving.
   C、The theater is right off the road.
   D、They don’t have to drive there.
9.A、He can drive there in less than 20 minutes.
   B、The traffic is very heavy at this time of the day.
   C、The museum is not open today.
   D、The woman should ask another driver for help.
10.A、He has never taken a train.
   B、He will go to the wedding by plane.
   C、He can take the woman to the airport.
   D、He can’t provide any useful information.

Section B

Passage One
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.

11. A、It can be a lot of fun
       B、It can be uncomfortable.
       C、It can be disappointing.
       D、It can be dangerous.
12. A、Because it may not be what you like best.
       B、Because it may be faulty.
       C、Because you cannot return anything you bought.
       D、Because you can save some money.
13. A、Because they may not be fashionable.
       B、Because they may not be worth the money.
       C、Because they may be too tight.
       D、Because they may not fit.

Passage Two
Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.

14. A、A Swedish engineer
       B、An American engineer.
       C、A British firm
       D、A German technician.
15. A、Because it has plastic wheels
       B、Because it has plastic tires.
       C、Because it has a plastic frame
       D、Because it has no metal parts.
16. A、It is more comfortable to ride than a metal bike.
       B、It is lighter than the ordinary metal bike.
       C、It never needs oil at the center of the wheel.
       D、It will be burned by the cigarette burns.

Passage Three
Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

17. A、To find out what he thinks of her apartment.
       B、To complain about her new roommate.
       C、To help the man find a new apartment
       D、To ask the man to help her find an apartment.
18. A、She finds it too far from the university.
       B、She doesn’t like sharing it with someone.
       C、She likes living on campus better.
       D、She finds the traffic too noisy.
19. A、An apartment on campus.
       B、An apartment with furniture.
       C、An apartment to herself.
       D、An apartment far from the traffic.
20. A、About $100 per month.
       B、About $140 per month.
       C、Below $200 per month.
       D、Below $250 per month.

Part II Vocabulary

21.The old lady was sitting in the _____ of a large tree looking very relaxed and happy.
     A、shape
     B、shelter
     C、shade
     D、shadow
22.Good parents should let the children make their own decisions instead of _____.
     A、interfering
     B、interrupting
     C、interpreting
     D、interviewing
23.After filling in the application form, I was requested to _____ a recent photograph to the form.
     A、attach
     B、obtain
     C、attain
     D、retain
24.These changes will affect all managers and to a lesser _____ some ordinary workers.
     A、range
     B、scale
     C、degree
     D、scope
25.We are still dealing with problems _____ errors made in the past five years.
     A、leading to
     B、resulting from
     C、bringing about
     D、coming across
26.The contract is very important for our company, so let’s _____ the details carefully.
     A、go after
     B、go off
     C、go through
     D、go for
27.The young actress is very _____ about her success; she says it’s as much the result of good
     A、anxious
     B、shy
     C、modest
     D、sensitive
28.The age of the students in night school ranged from 19 to 45 with a(n) _____ age of 34.
     A、middle
     B、same
     C、average
     D、legal
29.Yesterday I put my woolen skirt in the washing machine by mistake and now it has _____.
     A、shivered
     B、shined
     C、shifted
     D、shrunk
30.Foley will retire in two weeks. No one knows who will _____ him as Speaker of the House.
     A、hold
     B、succeed
     C、take
     D、follow
31.With her own car, she is now much more _____ than before.
     A、mobile
     B、active
     C、movable
     D、altered
32. The rent for the apartment is 100 dollars a month _____ service charges.
     A、containing
     B、involving
     C、bearing
     D、including
33.It is difficult for small, independent bookstores to _____ with the big national chains.
     A、concern
     B、compete
     C、connect
     D、communicate
34.In this country, our company has the _____ rights to market Elton John’s records.
     A、only
     B、unique
     C、sole
     D、absolute
35.The _____ value of labor in capitalist society does not represent the real value of labor.
     A、actual
     B、true
     C、genuine
     D、real
36.I hadn’t seen Julia for years, but I _____ her voice on the phone immediately.
     A、realized
     B、recognized
     C、recalled
     D、recovered
37.The professor wrote a letter of _____ for his student who was applying to a famous company for the post of a secretary
     A、protest
     B、recommendation
     C、credit
     D、complaint
38.The law requires equal treatment for all, _____ of race, religion, or sex.
     A、regardless
     B、aware
     C、doubtful
     D、innocent
39.Yesterday evening the old wooden house was burned and the mother died trying to _____ her child from the fire.
     A、hide
     B、rescue
     C、help
     D、prevent
40.Neither the children nor the old like having their daily _____ upset
     A、routine
     B、habit
     C、custom
     D、practice

Part III Structure

41. Ten years later I met Mr. Brown again and found that he looked _____ the same.
      A、aall
      B、pretty
      C、very
      D、mmuch
42. The time limit for the task was only one week, but somehow I managed to get it _____.
      A、do
      B、to be done
      C、done
      D、doing
43. To be frank, I’d rather everything _____ on that day.
      A、hadn’t happened
      B、didn’t happened
      C、not happened
      D、would not happen
44. Despite the wonderful acting and great stars the _____ movie couldn’t hold the audience’s attention.
      A、two-hour
      B、two hours
      C、two-hours
      D、two-hour's
45. Their requirement is that every member _____ at least one meeting per year.
      A、will attend
      B、attend
      C、must attend
      D、attends
46. Professor Pile _____ to Hangzhou before, so I went to meet him at the airport.
      A、didn’t go
      B、hasn’t been
      C、wouldn’t go
      D、hadn’t been
47. Bryson decided to get some work experience first _____ go straight on to university.
      A、rather than
      B、other than
      C、more than
      D、better than
48. I can use a computer, but _____ it comes to repairing them, I know nothing.
      A、after
      B、until
      C、since
      D、when
49. A man is reported in the local newspaper _____ by three youths as he walked home from work yesterday
      A、was robbed
      B、having been robbed
      C、to be robbed
      D、to have been robbed
50. We _____ so much – three dishes and a mixed salad would have been enough for us.
      A、didn’t have to order
      B、didn’t need to order
      C、needn’t to have ordered
      D、needn’t have ordered
51. _____ for your assistance, I wouldn’t be able to do so well.
      A、If it isn’t
      B、Weren’t it
      C、If it wasn’t
      D、Wasn’t it
52. The Mona Lisa, _____ in Italy, is now kept in Louvre, a museum in Paris.
      A、who painted
      B、who was painted
      C、that was painted
      D、which was painted
53. Scientific research indicates that two-thirds of the earth surface _____ with water.
      A、covered
      B、are covered
      C、covers
      D、is covered
54. Einstein was the man _____ Theory of Relativity has influenced our ideas of time and space.
      A、who
      B、that
      C、whose
      D、of whom
55. _____ we’ll do is to leave Mum a note to tell her that we won’t be back till tomorrow morning.
      A、What
      B、If
      C、that
      D、Whether
56. _____ he completed his education abroad, he has been working for a travel agency in Shanghai.
      A、As soon as
      B、Since
      C、By the time
      D、When
57. All the teachers and students _____, the ceremony was declared open.
      A、had arrived
      B、arrived
      C、having arrived
      D、arriving
58. _____ any reply, Mary decided to visit the company herself.
      A、Having not
      B、Not having got
      C、Not having
      D、Having not got
59. When he knew that he had passed the exam, he felt a great weight _____ off his mind.
      A、taken
      B、took
      C、to take
      D、taking
60. Goods _____ from abroad are not always better than those made in China.
      A、importing
      B、which import
      C、imported
      D、which imported

Part IV Reading Comprehension

Passage One
Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage:

Adverse (不良的) drug reactions may cause the deaths of over 100,000 US hospital patients each year, making them a leading cause of death nationwide, according to a report in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

“The incidence (发生率) of serious and fatal adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in US hospitals was found to be extremely high,” say researchers at the University of Toronto in Ontario, Canada.

They carried out an analysis of 39 ADR-related studies at US hospitals over the past 30 years and defined an ADR as “any harmful, unintended, and undesired effect of a drug which occurs at doses (剂量) used in humans for medical treatment.”.

An average 6.7% of all hospitalized patients experience an ADR every year, according to the researchers. They estimate that “in 1994, overall 2,216,000 hospitalized patients had serious ADRs, and 106,000 had fatal ADRs.” This means that ADRs may rank as the fourth single largest cause of death in America..

The control of ADRs also means spending more money. One US study estimated the overall cost of treating ADRs at up to $4 billion per year.

Dr. David Bates of Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, believes that healthcare workers need to pay more attention to the problem, especially since many ADRs are easily preventable. “When a patient develops an allergy (过敏症) or sensitivity, it is often not recorded,” Bates notes, “and patients receive drug to which they have known allergies or sensitivities with disturbing frequency.” He believes special computerized systems – still work-in-progress at many of the nation’s hospitals – should help cut down the frequency of these types of errors.

61. Who wrote the reporter in the American journal?
A、The American Medical Association.
B、Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston.
C、Doctors at an American hospital
D、Researchers at a Canadian university.
62. What does the word fatal (Para. 4) mean in the passage?
A、Resulting in death.
B、Lucky
C、Leading to happiness.
D、Worried
63. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
A、ADRs cause a lot of Americans to die every year.
B、The control of ADRs costs huge amount of money.
C、Only hospitalized patients may experience ADRs.
D、ADRs are one of the leading causes of death in US.
64. What does Dr. Bates mainly imply in what he says?
A、ADRs can be easily identified and prevented.
B、Healthcare workers are too busy to notice ADRs.
C、Hosptials may use computers to prevent ADRs.
D、Doctors and nurses are partly responsible for ADRs.
65. Which of the following might be the best title for the passage?
A、Adverse Drug Reactions – A Major Cause of Death
B、Adverse Drug Reactions Are Medical Errors
C、Doctors and Adverse Drug Reactions
D、High Incidence of Adverse Drug Reactions

Passage Two
Questions 66 to 70 are based on the following passage:

Every human being has a unique arrangement of the skin on his fingers and this arrangement is unchangeable. Scientists and experts have proved the uniqueness of fingerprints and discovered that no exactly similar pattern is passed on from parents to children, though nobody knows why this is the case.

The structure on a person’s fingers does not change with growth and is not affected by superficial injuries. Burns, cuts and other damage to the outer part of the skin will be replaced in time by new skin which bears a reproduction of the original pattern. It is only when the inner skin is injured that the arrangement will be destroyed. Some criminals make use of this fact to remove their own fingerprints but this is a dangerous and rare step to take.

Fingerprints can be made easily with printer’s ink. They can be recorded easily. With special methods, identification (辨识) can be achieved successfully within a short time. Because of the simplicity and economy of this system, fingerprints have often been used as a method of solving criminal cases. A suspected man denies a charge, but his fingerprints can prove who he is even if his appearance has been changed by age or accidents.

When a suspect leaves fingerprints behind at the scene of crime, they are difficult to detect with the naked eye. Special techniques are used to “develop” them. Some of the marks found are incomplete but identification is possible if a print in the size of a quarter of an inch square can be obtained.

66. Which countries respected Deming’s and Juran’s ideas according to the passage?
A、 India and Brazil
B、India and Japan.
C、US and Japan.
D、Japan and Brazil.
67. Which of the following is true about the cost of software quality?
A、It is higher in US than in Japan
B、It is higher in Japan than in India.
C、It is higher in India than in Brazil
D、It is higher in Brazil than in US.
68. What does the passage say about Watts Humphrey?
A、He was responsible for software production while at IBM
B、He has won more respect in US than overseas.
C、His advanced system helped reduce the production cost.
D、He was paid more in overseas companies after his retirement.
69. What advice does the writer give to US software companies?
A、They must pay their employees more for their hard work.
B、They should tell their workers to pay more attention to production cost.
C、They must try their best to attract more specialists.
D、They should be more concerned with the quality of their products.
70. What does the writer imply about software competition in the future?
A、Brazil may reduce their production costs.
B、Japan may employ more quality specialists than other countries.
C、India may take the lead in the competition.
D、US will surely beat other countries and win the competition.

Passage Three
Questions 71 to 75 are based on the following passage:

In a family where the roles of men and women are not sharply separated and where many household tasks are shared to a greater or lesser extent, male superiority is hard to maintain. The pattern of sharing in tasks and in decisions makes for equality, and this in turn leads to further sharing. In such a home, the growing boy and girl learn to accept that equality more easily than did their parents and to prepare more fully for participation in a world characterized by co-operation rather than by the “battle of the sexes”.

If the process goes too far and man’s role is regarded as less important – and that has happened in some cases – we are as badly off as before, only in reverse.

It is time to reassess (重新评估) the role of the man in the American family. We are getting a little tired of “Momism” – but we don’t want to exchange it for a “Neo-popism” (新式爸爸主义). What we need, rather, is the recognition that bringing up children involves a partnership of equals. There are signs that specialists on the family are becoming more aware of the part men play and that they have decided that women should not receive all the credit – not all the blame. We have almost given up saying that a woman’s place is in the home. We are beginning, however, to analyze men’s place in the home and to insist that he does have a place in it. Nor is that place irrelevant to the healthy development of the child.

71. To what extent does the writer agree with the historian a century from now?
A、He agrees only slightly
B、He agrees almost completely.
C、He almost disagrees.
D、He disagrees completely.
72. What can you infer from the passage about slaughterhouses?
A、Animals were killed for meat there.
B、Animal bodies were cut into pieces there.
C、Henry Ford used to be a slaughter.
D、Slaughterhouse owners used automobiles first.
73. What happened on the first day when the assembly line was tried in Ford’s factory?
A、The workers spent 20 minutes on one assembly.
B、The workers saved more than 13 minutes for one assembly.
C、The workers spent 10 minutes on one assembly.
D、The workers saved more than 6 minutes for one assembly.
74. Which of the following is NOT true about Ford’s cars after 1913?
A、Their price was reduced to $260.
B、They were assembled more efficiently.
C、A lot more of them were made.
D、All Americans could afford them.
75. Why did Ford write the book entitled Today and Tomorrow?
A、To encourage other car makers to sell more cars.
B、To make his way of manufacturing known to others.
C、To win praise from people the world over.
D、To advise the world to buy his assembly line.

Part V Translation from English into Chinese

Directions: In this part there is a passage with 5 underlined sections, numbered 76 to 80. After reading the passage carefully, translate the underlined sections into Chinese. Remember to write your translation on the Translation Sheet.

There is much discussion today about whether economic growth is desirable.(76) At an earlier period, our desire for material wealth may have been justified.

TNow, however, this desire for more than we need is causing serious problems. (77) Even though we have good intentions, we may be producing too much, too fast. Those who criticize economic growth argue that we must slow down. They believe that society is approaching certain limits on growth. These include the fixed supply of natural resources, the possible negative effects of industry on the natural environment, and the continuing increase in the world’s population. (78) As society reaches these limits, economic growth can no longer continue, and the quality of life will decrease.

People who want more economic growth, on the other hand, argue that even at the present growth rate there are many poor people in the world.(79) These supporters of economic growth believe that only more growth can create the capital needed to improve the quality of life in the world. Furthermore, they argue that only continued growth can provide the financial resources required to protect our natural surroundings from industrialization. This debate over the desirability of continued economic growth is of vital importance to business and industry. If those who argue against economic growth are correct, the problems they mention cannot be ignored.(80) To find a solution, economists and business community must pay attention to these problems and discuss them with one another.

76.
77.
78.
79.
80.

Part VI Translation from Chinese into English

81. 这家商店每天上午八点开门晚上九点关门。

82. 我妈妈过生日那天收到那些花高兴极了。你想得真周到。

83. 很多科学家相信正是人类的活动使得地球升温。

84. 我在报上读到你们招聘销售员的广告,我想应聘这个职位。

85. Smith教授已接受邀请将给我们做一个关于如何选择自己喜欢的职业的报告。