Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage:
Adverse (不良的) drug reactions may cause the deaths of over 100,000 US hospital patients each year, making them a leading cause of death nationwide, according to a report in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
“The incidence (发生率) of serious and fatal adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in US hospitals was found to be extremely high,” say researchers at the University of Toronto in Ontario, Canada.
They carried out an analysis of 39 ADR-related studies at US hospitals over the past 30 years and defined an ADR as “any harmful, unintended, and undesired effect of a drug which occurs at doses (剂量) used in humans for medical treatment.”.
An average 6.7% of all hospitalized patients experience an ADR every year, according to the researchers. They estimate that “in 1994, overall 2,216,000 hospitalized patients had serious ADRs, and 106,000 had fatal ADRs.” This means that ADRs may rank as the fourth single largest cause of death in America..
The control of ADRs also means spending more money. One US study estimated the overall cost of treating ADRs at up to $4 billion per year.
Dr. David Bates of Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, believes that healthcare workers need to pay more attention to the problem, especially since many ADRs are easily preventable. “When a patient develops an allergy (过敏症) or sensitivity, it is often not recorded,” Bates notes, “and patients receive drug to which they have known allergies or sensitivities with disturbing frequency.” He believes special computerized systems – still work-in-progress at many of the nation’s hospitals – should help cut down the frequency of these types of errors.
61. Who wrote the reporter in the American journal?
A、The American Medical Association.
B、Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston.
C、Doctors at an American hospital
D、Researchers at a Canadian university.
62. What does the word fatal (Para. 4) mean in the passage?
A、Resulting in death.
C、Leading to happiness.
63. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
A、ADRs cause a lot of Americans to die every year.
B、The control of ADRs costs huge amount of money.
C、Only hospitalized patients may experience ADRs.
D、ADRs are one of the leading causes of death in US.
64. What does Dr. Bates mainly imply in what he says?
A、ADRs can be easily identified and prevented.
B、Healthcare workers are too busy to notice ADRs.
C、Hosptials may use computers to prevent ADRs.
D、Doctors and nurses are partly responsible for ADRs.
65. Which of the following might be the best title for the passage?
A、Adverse Drug Reactions – A Major Cause of Death
B、Adverse Drug Reactions Are Medical Errors
C、Doctors and Adverse Drug Reactions
D、High Incidence of Adverse Drug Reactions
Questions 66 to 70 are based on the following passage:
Every human being has a unique arrangement of the skin on his fingers and this arrangement is unchangeable. Scientists and experts have proved the uniqueness of fingerprints and discovered that no exactly similar pattern is passed on from parents to children, though nobody knows why this is the case.
The structure on a person’s fingers does not change with growth and is not affected by superficial injuries. Burns, cuts and other damage to the outer part of the skin will be replaced in time by new skin which bears a reproduction of the original pattern. It is only when the inner skin is injured that the arrangement will be destroyed. Some criminals make use of this fact to remove their own fingerprints but this is a dangerous and rare step to take.
Fingerprints can be made easily with printer’s ink. They can be recorded easily. With special methods, identification (辨识) can be achieved successfully within a short time. Because of the simplicity and economy of this system, fingerprints have often been used as a method of solving criminal cases. A suspected man denies a charge, but his fingerprints can prove who he is even if his appearance has been changed by age or accidents.
When a suspect leaves fingerprints behind at the scene of crime, they are difficult to detect with the naked eye. Special techniques are used to “develop” them. Some of the marks found are incomplete but identification is possible if a print in the size of a quarter of an inch square can be obtained.
66. Which countries respected Deming’s and Juran’s ideas according to the passage?
A、 India and Brazil
B、India and Japan.
C、US and Japan.
D、Japan and Brazil.
67. Which of the following is true about the cost of software quality?
A、It is higher in US than in Japan
B、It is higher in Japan than in India.
C、It is higher in India than in Brazil
D、It is higher in Brazil than in US.
68. What does the passage say about Watts Humphrey?
A、He was responsible for software production while at IBM
B、He has won more respect in US than overseas.
C、His advanced system helped reduce the production cost.
D、He was paid more in overseas companies after his retirement.
69. What advice does the writer give to US software companies?
A、They must pay their employees more for their hard work.
B、They should tell their workers to pay more attention to production cost.
C、They must try their best to attract more specialists.
D、They should be more concerned with the quality of their products.
70. What does the writer imply about software competition in the future?
A、Brazil may reduce their production costs.
B、Japan may employ more quality specialists than other countries.
C、India may take the lead in the competition.
D、US will surely beat other countries and win the competition.
Questions 71 to 75 are based on the following passage:
In a family where the roles of men and women are not sharply separated and where many household tasks are shared to a greater or lesser extent, male superiority is hard to maintain. The pattern of sharing in tasks and in decisions makes for equality, and this in turn leads to further sharing. In such a home, the growing boy and girl learn to accept that equality more easily than did their parents and to prepare more fully for participation in a world characterized by co-operation rather than by the “battle of the sexes”.
If the process goes too far and man’s role is regarded as less important – and that has happened in some cases – we are as badly off as before, only in reverse.
It is time to reassess (重新评估) the role of the man in the American family. We are getting a little tired of “Momism” – but we don’t want to exchange it for a “Neo-popism” (新式爸爸主义). What we need, rather, is the recognition that bringing up children involves a partnership of equals. There are signs that specialists on the family are becoming more aware of the part men play and that they have decided that women should not receive all the credit – not all the blame. We have almost given up saying that a woman’s place is in the home. We are beginning, however, to analyze men’s place in the home and to insist that he does have a place in it. Nor is that place irrelevant to the healthy development of the child.
71. To what extent does the writer agree with the historian a century from now?
A、He agrees only slightly
B、He agrees almost completely.
C、He almost disagrees.
D、He disagrees completely.
72. What can you infer from the passage about slaughterhouses?
A、Animals were killed for meat there.
B、Animal bodies were cut into pieces there.
C、Henry Ford used to be a slaughter.
D、Slaughterhouse owners used automobiles first.
73. What happened on the first day when the assembly line was tried in Ford’s factory?
A、The workers spent 20 minutes on one assembly.
B、The workers saved more than 13 minutes for one assembly.
C、The workers spent 10 minutes on one assembly.
D、The workers saved more than 6 minutes for one assembly.
74. Which of the following is NOT true about Ford’s cars after 1913?
A、Their price was reduced to $260.
B、They were assembled more efficiently.
C、A lot more of them were made.
D、All Americans could afford them.
75. Why did Ford write the book entitled Today and Tomorrow?
A、To encourage other car makers to sell more cars.
B、To make his way of manufacturing known to others.
C、To win praise from people the world over.
D、To advise the world to buy his assembly line.