Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage:
Real policemen hardly recognize any resemblance between their lives and what they see on TV – if they ever get home in time. There are similarities, of course, but the policemen don’t think much of them.
The first difference is that a policemen’s real life centers around the law. Most of his training is in criminal law. He has to know exactly what actions are crimes and what evidence can be used to prove them in court. He has to know nearly as much law as a professional lawyer, and what is more, he has to apply it on his feet, in the dark and rain, running down a narrow street after someone he wants to talk to.
Little of his time is spent in chatting to pretty girls or in dramatic confrontations (对峙) with desperate criminals. He will spend most of his working life typing millions of words on thousands of forms about hundreds of sad, unimportant people who are guilty – or not – of stupid, minor crimes.
Most television crime drama is about finding the criminal: as soon as he’s arrested, the story is over, in real life, finding criminals is seldom much of a problem. Except in very serious cases like murders and terrorist attacks – where failure to produce results reflects on the fame of the police – little effort is spent on searching.
Having made an arrest, a detective (侦探) really starts to work. He has to prove his case in court and, to do that, he often has to gather a lot of different evidence. So, as well as being overworked, a detective has to be out at all hours of the day and night interviewing his witness and persuading them, usually against their own interests, to help him.
61. What does the first paragraph tell us about policemen?
A、They often watch TV.
B、They like watching TV.
C、They are too busy to watch TV.
D、They hate seeing themselves on TV.
62. Why does the writer mention a lawyer in the second paragraph?
A、To show that a lawyer’s job is more comfortable.
B、To emphasize that policemen are physically strong.
C、To compare a lawyer’s with policemen’s.
D、To indicate that a lawyer’s job is less important than a policeman’s.
63. What do real policemen do at work?
A、They often deal with robbers and thieves.
B、They talk with a lot of victims and visitors.
C、They don’t deal with serious crimes very often.
D、The usually stay in their office studying cases.
64. What does the passage say about a detective?
A、His job is to make arrests.
B、He is good at finding criminals.
C、He has to prove his case in court.
D、He visits and helps his witnesses.
65. What is the main idea of the passage?
A、It is hard for policemen to do their job well.
B、Policemen keep in touch with a lot of people.
C、Policemen are people that we admire and respect.
D、Real policemen’s life is different from what is shown on TV.
Questions 66 to 70 are based on the following passage:
Every human being has a unique arrangement of the skin on his fingers and this arrangement is unchangeable. Scientists and experts have proved the uniqueness of fingerprints and discovered that no exactly similar pattern is passed on from parents to children, though nobody knows why this is the case.
The structure on a person’s fingers does not change with growth and is not affected by superficial injuries. Burns, cuts and other damage to the outer part of the skin will be replaced in time by new skin which bears a reproduction of the original pattern. It is only when the inner skin is injured that the arrangement will be destroyed. Some criminals make use of this fact to remove their own fingerprints but this is a dangerous and rare step to take.
Fingerprints can be made easily with printer’s ink. They can be recorded easily. With special methods, identification (辨识) can be achieved successfully within a short time. Because of the simplicity and economy of this system, fingerprints have often been used as a method of solving criminal cases. A suspected man denies a charge, but his fingerprints can prove who he is even if his appearance has been changed by age or accidents.
When a suspect leaves fingerprints behind at the scene of crime, they are difficult to detect with the naked eye. Special techniques are used to “develop” them. Some of the marks found are incomplete but identification is possible if a print in the size of a quarter of an inch square can be obtained.
66. Which of the following is NOT true of fingerprints?
A、They vary from person to person.
B、They are easily hidden and removed.
C、Their uniqueness is beyond explanation.
D、They remain unchanged throughout one’s life.
67. What does “superficial injuries” in the second paragraph mean?
A、“injuries caused by accident”
B、“injuries in inner skin”
C、“severe injuries in the skin”
D、“injuries on the surface of the skin”
68. Why do policemen often use fingerprints in their investigation?
A、Because it is the only way to identity the suspect.
B、Because it is the easiest way to solve a criminal case.
C、Because they can be easily recorded with printer’s ink.
D、Because they can help policemen to identify their owners.
69. What is the main idea of the last paragraph?
A、It is difficult to see fingerprints with human eyes.
B、There are special ways to recover a suspect’s fingerprints.
C、Even a small part of a fingerprint is useful for identification
D、Suspects usually try to avoid leaving their fingerprints at the scene.
70. Which of the following is the best title of the passage?
A、Fingerprints and Their Use
B、Policemen and Fingerprints
C、Fingerprints Are Useful Evidence
D、Fingerprints Identify Criminals without Mistake
Questions 71 to 75 are based on the following passage:
In a family where the roles of men and women are not sharply separated and where many household tasks are shared to a greater or lesser extent, male superiority is hard to maintain. The pattern of sharing in tasks and in decisions makes for equality, and this in turn leads to further sharing. In such a home, the growing boy and girl learn to accept that equality more easily than did their parents and to prepare more fully for participation in a world characterized by co-operation rather than by the “battle of the sexes”.
If the process goes too far and man’s role is regarded as less important – and that has happened in some cases – we are as badly off as before, only in reverse.
It is time to reassess (重新评估) the role of the man in the American family. We are getting a little tired of “Momism” – but we don’t want to exchange it for a “Neo-popism” (新式爸爸主义). What we need, rather, is the recognition that bringing up children involves a partnership of equals. There are signs that specialists on the family are becoming more aware of the part men play and that they have decided that women should not receive all the credit – not all the blame. We have almost given up saying that a woman’s place is in the home. We are beginning, however, to analyze men’s place in the home and to insist that he does have a place in it. Nor is that place irrelevant to the healthy development of the child.
71. What will the world be like in the future according to Paragraph One?
A、It will be a world of male superiority.
B、It will be a world of equality between the sexes.
C、It will be a world with battles between the sexes.
D、It will be a world where men and women play different roles.
72. What happens in some American families according to Paragraph Two?
A、The mother plays a more important role than the father.
B、The father plays a more important role than the mother.
C、Children play a more important role than their parents.
D、Parents play a more important role than their children.
73. What is the writer’s opinion on children’s upbringing?
A、It is the father’s responsibility.
B、It is the mother’s responsibility.
C、It is the responsibility of both parents.
D、Children should take care of themselves.
74. What is the opinion of specialists on the family?
A、A woman’s place is in the home.
B、Men’s place in the home should be emphasized.
C、Men should be praised for their part in the family.
D、Women should be blamed for their role in the family
75. What is the main idea of the passage?
A、Sound development of children.
B、Equality between men and women.
C、Co-operation between husband and wife.
D、Husband and wife share in tasks and in decision-making.