Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage:
In some countries as many as nine out of ten adults read at least one newspaper a day. Seen in purely business terms, few products can ever have been so successful in reaching as much of their market. Why do so many people read newspaper?
There are five basic functions of a newspaper: to inform, to comment, to persuade, to instruct and to entertain. You may well think that this list of functions is in order of importance but, if so, you would not be in agreement with the majority of the reading public. Of the two broad categories of newspaper, the popular and the quality, the former has a readership of millions, while the latter, only hundreds of thousands. Yet the popular papers seem largely designed for entertainment. They contain a lot of comment and persuasive language. The quality newspapers put a much higher value on information and a much lower one on entertainment.
It is not only in content that the two kinds of paper differ. There is a difference, too, in the style in which the articles are written. The popular papers generally use more dramatic language with a lot of word-play. Their reporters tend to use shorter sentences and avoid less well-known vocabulary. This means that popular newspapers are easier for a native speaker to understand, though probably not for a non-native speaker.
In order to decide whether a newspaper is a quality or a popular one it is now even necessary to read it, since you can tell simply by the way it looks. Popular papers are generally smaller with fewer and shorter articles. But they have bigger headlines and more photographs.
61. Out of 500, _____ adults read a newspaper every day according to the passage.
62. How does the writer describe a popular newspaper?
A、It carries many articles and few photographs.
B、It is intended to educate people.
C、It contains a lot of information.
D、It aims at entertaining people.
63. Which of the following words could be used in place of “categories” in Paragraph 2?
64. Who tend to read a quality newspaper more often?
65. What does the last paragraph tell us about the two kinds of newspaper?
A、Their difference in appearance and volume.
B、Their difference in the information given.
C、Their difference in readership and price.
D、Their difference in the language used.
Questions 66 to 70 are based on the following passage:
“It hurts me more than you”, and “This is for your own good.” These are the statements my mother used to make years ago when I had to learn Latin, clean my room, stay home and do homework.
That was before we entered the permissive period in education in which we decided it was all right not to push our children to achieve their best in school. The schools and educators made it easy on us. They taught that it was all right to be parents who take a let-along policy. We stopped making our children do homework. We gave them calculators, turned on the television, left the teaching to teachers and went on vacation.
Now, teachers, faced with children who have been developing at their own pace for the past 15 years, are realizing we’ve made a terrible mistake. One such teacher is Sharon Klompus, who says of her students – “so passive” – and wonders what happened. Nothing was demanded of them, she believes. Television, says Klompus, contributes to children’s passivity. “We’re not training kids to work any more,” says Klompus. “We’re talking about a generation of kids who’ve never been hurt or hungry. They have learned somebody will always do it for them. Instead of saying ‘go look it up’, you tell them the answer. It takes greater energy to say no to kid.”
Yes, it does. It takes energy and it takes work. It’s time for parents to end their vacation and come back to work. It’s time to take the car away, to turn the TV off, to tell them it hurts you more than them, but it’s for their own good. It’s time to start telling them no again.
66. In the permissive period, parents were told _____.
A、to leave their children alone
B、to go on vacation without their children
C、to encourage their children to work hard
D、to help their children with their schoolwork
67. How does Sharon Klompus describe her students?
A、They like to work out problems themselves.
B、It is easy for them to get hurt and angry.
C、They often make silly mistakes.
D、They are lazy and spoiled.
68. Which of the following is NOT true of the situation in the past 15 years?
A、Children have been allowed to watch television as they like.
B、Children have been forbidden to develop themselves.
C、Children have been allowed to use cars.
D、Children may or may not do homework.
69. What does the writer want to tell parents?
A、They should set a good example for their kids.
B、Kids should have more activities at school.
C、They should be stricter with their kids.
D、Kids should be pleased at home.
70. What would the writer say now about her mother?
A、She was hard-working and devoted.
B、She was not nice and kind.
C、She was lazy and careless.
D、She was right and wise.
Questions 71 to 75 are based on the following passage:
During her childhood, Rachel showed an interest in nature and in writing. After high school, she entered Pennsylvania State College for Women, aiming at becoming a writer. She switched to biology, however, thus setting the course of her life. Rachel went to Johns Hopkins University for further study and became a member of the zoology (动物学) staff at the University of Maryland.
For fifteen years, Rachel worked for the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, writing and editing publications. Fortunately, her employer encouraged her to reach a larger audience. Rachel’s poetic style of writing in three books about the ocean caught the imagination of the general reader. Her rare talent as both a physical scientist and a gifted writer earned her the National Book Award for the Sea Around Us.
Rachel’s next book marked her as a leading fighter for the preservation of the natural environment. She began writing Silent Spring, knowing that she would be personally attacked and ridiculed. She continued writing despite the ill health that slowed her progress. Upon completing the book, she wrote to a close friend, “I have felt obliged to do what I could – if I didn’t at least try I could never again be happy in nature. But now I believe I have at least helped a little.”
Rachel Carson did more than help a little. Although both government and industry opposed her, specialists in public health, the press, and the public itself all supported her fight against the irresponsible use of insecticides (杀虫剂). Her book eventually led the government to ban DDT.
71. The passage describes Rachel as _____.
A、a writer and an editor
B、a scientist and a writer
C、an employer and animal lover
D、a professor and a poet
72. We know from the passage that Rachel was the author of at least _____.
73. Which of the following is true about the book Silent Spring?
A、The book gained great support from both the government and industry.
B、The book was written when Rachel was in good health.
C、The book is concerned with the oceans in the world.
D、The book deals with environmental protection.
74. The world “ridiculed” in Paragraph 3 most likely means _____.
75. What does the writer IMPLY about banning DDT?
A、The public thought it was wrong to do so.
B、The industry was opposed to doing so.
C、The government was forced to do so.
D、The press did not care about it.