Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage:
One of the best-known proverbs must be “early to bed and early to rise make a man healthy, wealthy, and wise.” The promise of health, wealth, and wisdom to those who join the ranks of the early retirees and risers must be particularly appealing to many people in our contemporary society. There is no doubt that one of the greatest concerns of modern man is his health. It is estimated that in the United States $200 billion are spent on health care each year. The medical field has grown into such a big business that it employs 4.8 million people.
Much more interest has been shown in preventive medicine in recent years. This is probably due to the increasing costs of medical treatment, but the writings of such people as Dr. Kenneth Cooper have also played an important role. In his book Aerobics, Dr. Cooper communicated his message of the benefits of exercise so effectively that many other authors have followed in his trail, and literally millions of readers have put on their sports shoes and taken to the highways and byways of America. A recent survey showed that over 17 million people are jogging. Many of these are so serious that they trained themselves to run the 26 miles and 385 yards of the hard and tiring marathons (马拉松) that are organized all over the country. The last time I was in Honolulu, I was amazed to see hundreds of people, young and old, running for their lives. And I discovered many of them have run in the Hawaiian Marathon. Exercise has also become a major part of conversation. At a dinner party recently, the president of a bank asked me, “You look like a runner; how far do you run each day?” A few days later when I appeared on a national television show, the host suddenly asked me if I was a regular runner. On both occasions the conversation turned to the subject of exercise and I found that this is a subject on many people’s minds.
61. The “early risers” mentioned in Paragraph 1 are __________.
A、people who go to bed early
B、people who have a lot of money
C、people who get up early
D、people who give up their work early
62. What does the writer think of the $200 billion spent on health care each year?
A、It’s a big sum of money
B、It’s a huge waste of money.
C、Most people can’t afford the expensive medical treatment.
D、The medical field provides a lot of job opportunities.
63. According to the passage, nowadays what people are most interested in is __________.
A、how to be a millionaire
B、how to keep fit
C、how to win the Hawaiian Marathon
D、how to develop aerobics in America
64. Why are the examples of conversation in the last paragraph used?
A、To show a usual way of starting a conversation.
B、To show the change in people’s conversation topics.
C、To show the importance of running.
D、To show people’s interest in exercise.
65. Aerobics is a book about __________.
Questions 66 to 70 are based on the following passage:
Teacher evaluations (评价) have been carried out in a lot of schools in recent years. Every term the students are given the opportunity to evaluate their teachers. The students are supposed to judge their teachers’ lectures, interests in students’ problems, methods of exercise, and general ability to conduct a class. Then, when the teacher has left the classroom, they must write their evaluation on the forms provided. They are not supposed to exchange views or discuss their responses. After everyone has completed the forms, one student collects and puts them in envelopes.
It is very difficult to evaluate another person’s performance fairly. For example, Santa recently wrote irresponsible remarks about her teacher because she was failing the course. Her friend Sam wrote a marvelous description of the same teacher because he was receiving an A in the course. Both Santa and Sam were not fairly evaluating the teacher. They were influenced by the grades they were earning and were unfair in their judgments.
Another irresponsible form of evaluation occurred when James rated his teacher excellent because the teacher is “easy”. He gives few tests and only assigns (分配) one paper during the entire term. His lectures are often filled with jokes and endless stories about his family. On the other hand, James rated Professor Jones poor because he assigns homework daily, gives pretest previews and post-test reviews, and packs his lectures with information.
Santa, Sam, and James have not thought about their teachers’ teaching abilities. They have written unfair evaluations and have not given thought to their evaluations. They have not made fair judgments, but instead have been influenced by their own personality and have equated (使等同) little work with excellence in teaching.
66. Santa and Sam judged their teacher by __________.
A、his teaching ability
B、his humorous stories
C、the grades that they were earning
D、his marvelous remarks
67. James’ evaluation was influenced by __________.
A、the amount of coursework
B、his own performance
C、the teacher’s ability
D、the teacher’s family background
68. The word “easy” in “…the teacher is ‘easy’” (Para 3) most probably means __________.
69. The students didn’t evaluate their teachers fairly because __________.
A、it was difficult for them to do so
B、they didn’t know how to make judgments
C、their personality affected them a lot
D、they received unfair treatment
70. The best title for this passage is __________.
C、Easy and Tough teachers
D、How to be Fair
Questions 71 to 75 are based on the following passage:
There is probably no sphere of human activity in which our values and life styles are reflected more vividly than they are in the clothes that we choose to wear. The dress of an individual is a kind of “sign language” that communicates a complex set of information and is usually the basis on which immediate impressions are formed. Traditionally, women cared much about their clothes, while men took pride in the fact that they were completely lacking in clothes consciousness.
This type of American culture is gradually changing as men’s dress takes on greater variety and color. Even as early as 1995, a research in Michigan revealed that men attached rather high importance to the value of clothing in daily life. White-collar workers in particular viewed dress as a symbol of control, which could be used to impress or influence others, especially in the work situation. The white-collar worker was described as extremely concerned about the impression his clothing made on his superiors. Although blue-collar workers were less aware that they might be judged on the basis of their clothing, they recognized that they would be laughed at by their fellow workers if they were any different from the accepted pattern of dress.
Since that time, of course, the patterns have changed: the typical office worker may now be wearing the blue shirt, and laborer a white shirt; but the importance of dress has not decreased. Other investigators in recent years have helped to establish its significance in the lives of individuals at various age levels in different social and economic groups.
71. Our values and lifestyles are probably reflected most vividly in __________.
A、any sphere of human activity
B、the clothes that we wear
C、the sign language people use
D、complex set of information
72. In a world of changes, men’s clothes have become __________.
A、various and colorful
B、traditional and formal
C、fashionable and colorful
D、reasonable and formal
73. Traditionally, people thought that __________.
A、men were proud of the clothes they wore
B、women were concerned greatly with their clothes
C、both men and women paid great attention to their clothes
D、neither men nor women showed great interest in clothes
74. Blue-collar workers were aware of their clothes because __________.
A、they were extremely concerned about their impression on their superiors
B、they knew clearly that people would judge them by their clothes
C、they wanted to impress and influence their fellow workers
D、they didn’t want to be laughed at by their fellow workers
75. The passage mainly suggests that __________.
A、women pay more attention to their clothes than men do
B、women always like beautiful dresses
C、people have attached more importance to dress
D、American culture is changing greatly