2002年6月浙江省大学英语三级考试试卷

Part I Listening Comprehension

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Section A
1.A、Warm.
   B、Hot.
   C、Mild.
   D、Cold.
2.A、In an office.
   B、In a library.
   C、In a classroom.
   D、In a bookstore.
3.A、By sea.
   B、By train.
   C、By bus.
   D、By air.
4.A、He is doubtful about the one-bedroom apartment.
   B、He's prepared to pay more for the bigger apartment.
   C、There is a big difference between the two apartments.
   D、The one-bedroom apartment is better as it is cheaper.
5.A、The train may arrive but the woman is not sure.
   B、The train will probably arrive at 10:45.
   C、The train broke down and will not arrive.
   D、The train will probably arrive at 9:45.
6.A、She will help him next week.
   B、She has finished her work quickly.
   C、She had her work done a week ago.
   D、She did her work carelessly.
7.A、She likes it as well as the man.
   B、She takes her vacations in autumn.
   C、She prefers summer.
   D、She doesn't like it.
8.A、He'll play the game.
   B、He won't watch the game standing.
   C、He'll watch the game on TV.
   D、He has little knowledge of the game.
9.A、To leam another language.
   B、To practice the dialogues.
   C、To give up French.
   D、To give up practicing.
10.A、The woman should take her time.
   B、They are supposed to leave in twenty minutes.
   C、Alice is arriving in twenty minutes.
   D、They are already late for the appointment.

Section B

Passage One
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.

11. A、He was a beggar.
       B、He pretended to be a rich man.
       C、He enjoyed helping the poor.
       D、He worked at a train station.
12. A、The artist.
       B、The first beggar.
       C、The second beggar.
       D、The taxi driver.
13. A、Because the beggar had cheated him.
       B、Because he had missed the train home.
       C、Because the beggar wouldn't go home with him.
       D、Because he had to let the beggar pay for the meal.

Passage Two
Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.

14. A、Fresh meat.
       B、Monkey meat.
       C、Horse meat.
       D、 Frozen meat.
15. A、Wild horses.
       B、Larger monkeys.
       C、Smaller monkeys.
       D、Large birds.
16. A、Men's brother—monkeys.
       B、Feeding animals in zoos.
       C、Birds, horses and crocodiles.
       D、Watching animals in zoos.

Passage Three
Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

17. A、95
       B、15
       C、50
       D、5
18. A、12 months.
       B、24 months.
       C、18 months.
       D、36 months.
19. A、There are far more right-handed monkeys than left-handed ones.
       B、There are far more left-handed monkeys than right-handed ones.
       C、There are no left-handed monkeys.
       D、There are an equal number of left-handed and right-handed monkeys.
20. A、Left-handed people usually like animals.
       B、Monkeys leam to use their hands from humans.
       C、Human beings are like monkeys in using hands.
       D、Life is not so easy for left-handed people.

Part II Vocabulary

21.Nowadays many young people dream of becoming rich and famous ______.
     A、at one night
     B、on one night
     C、overnight
     D、by night
22.To be frank, I didn't mean to _____ you during the discussion.
     A、offend
     B、object
     C、deliver
     D、destroy
23. Jane has learnt the long poem by _____ though she read it only a few times.
     A、mind
     B、heart
     C、memory
     D、spirit
24.She often takes notes in the _____ when she listens to the teacher in class.
     A、margin
     B、border
     C、surface
     D、boundary
25.We all believe that he is _____ at swimming and diving.
     A、understanding
     B、undergoing
     C、outlooking
     D、outstanding
26.This part of our town is heavily _____ by industrial wastes.
     A、populated
     B、possessed
     C、polluted
     D、processed
27.There are still thousands of people living in _____ in some mountainous areas.
     A、gravity
     B、opportunity
     C、responsibility
     D、poverty
28.On my last business trip to Dalian the sea was so _____ that many passengers became sick.
     A、shaky
     B、tough
     C、rough
     D、shivering
29._____ the city has changed so much that it's beyond recognition.
     A、Lastly
     B、Lately
     C、Late
     D、Later
30.The agreement is to take _____ from the beginning of next month.
     A、place
     B、position
     C、charge
     D、effect
31.Some organisms (有机体) are responsible for _____ food and causing food poisoning.
     A、spoiling
     B、sparing
     C、starving
     D、spilling
32.The document should be signed in the _____ of a lawyer.
     A、appearance
     B、presence
     C、reference
     D、experience
33.Some old readers are strongly _____ of her newly-published love story.
     A、cruel
     B、crazy
     C、critical
     D、crude
34.It is a(n) _____ in this country to go out to pick flowers on the first day of spring.
     A、habit
     B、custom
     C、action
     D、movement
35.Her failure to understand the problem _____ too many technical terms.
     A、results from
     B、results in
     C、results by
     D、results at
36.Then the doctor _____ my temperature and felt my pulse.
     A、examined
     B、took
     C、held
     D、measured
37.I applied for the job but they _____ because I didn't know German.
     A、turned me down
     B、turned me in
     C、turned me on
     D、turned me off
38.I am writing _____ my mother to express her thanks for your gift.
     A、in memory of
     B、with respect to
     C、on behalf of
     D、on account of
39.A completely new situation will _____ when the new examination system comes into exis?tence.
     A、rise
     B、raise
     C、awake
     D、arise
40.Studies indicate that when children are _____ to violence, they may become aggressive (好斗的) or nervous.
     A、reacted
     B、related
     C、expanded
     D、exposed

Part III Structure

41. Is it true that a relative of yours _____ this weekend?
      A、will be coming to see you
      B、 will have been coming to see you
      C、would have come to see you
      D、would have been come to see you
42. This is the worst time of the year. It _____ every day so far this month.
      A、is raining
      B、has rained
      C、rained
      D、rains
43. _____ in the countryside means that you have a better environment.
      A、Live
      B、Having lived
      C、Living
      D、Being lived
44. I think that _____ with the railway, the highway is much better.
      A、comparing
      B、compared
      C、to compare
      D、compare
45. _____ happens, I'll stick to my position on the issue.
      A、No matter that
      B、No matter how
      C、No matter which
      D、No matter what
46. It is vital that she _____ a job to support her family.
      A、has
      B、have
      C、will have
      D、had
47. Every means _____ been tried since then, but the result was failure.
      A、is
      B、have
      C、has
      D、are
48. It is one thing to speak some English, but it is quite _____ to speak good, natural English.
      A、other
      B、another
      C、the other
      D、others
49. There _____ in this small bedroom.
      A、are too many furnitures
      B、are too much furniture
      C、are too much furnitures
      D、is too much furniture
50. This is one of _____ exciting games I've ever watched.
      A、the most
      B、most of the
      C、most
      D、 most of
51. Only by reading extensively _____ you mind.
      A、you will broaden
      B、you may broaden
      C、so you broaden
      D、can you broaden
52. They had their new house _____ in the earthquake last week.
      A、be destroyed
      B、being destroyed
      C、to be destroyed
      D、destroyed
53. Last year Jack earned _____ his sister, who is a general manager of a joint venture.
      A、as twice much as
      B、twice as many as
      C、twice as much as
      D、as twice many as
54. You _____ your homework last night, but you didn't.
      A、ought to have done
      B、need to have done
      C、must have done
      D、can have done
55. I shall postpone _____ my paper until I get enough information on the subject.
      A、writing
      B、being written
      C、written
      D、to write
56. —What did John think of your decision? —He _____ to believe that I really did want to go there alone.
      A、found it impossible
      B、found which impossible
      C、found impossible
      D、found that impossible
57.  No one would imagine that this city was just a night' s journey from here. It seemed as though _______ in another world.
      A、it to be
      B、it were
      C、it has been
      D、it being
58. Frank is the kind of person whom people like to _____.
      A、make a friend with
      B、make a friend of
      C、make friends with
      D、make friends of
59. In general, the health of older people today is superior to _____ of previous generations.
      A、one
      B、that
      C、some
      D、those
60. We went up to the roof, _____ we had a good view of the parade.
      A、of which
      B、from which
      C、before which
      D、behind which

Part IV Reading Comprehension

Passage One
Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage:

On May 29, 1973, Thomas Bradley, a black man, was elected mayor of Los Angeles. Los Angeles is the third largest city in the United States, with a population of three million. About sixteen percent of the city’s population are black.

News of this election appeared on the front pages of newspapers everywhere in the United States. Here is how one major newspaper reported the event: Los Angeles Elects Bradley Mayor, Defeating Yorty—Black Win 56% of Votes.

Bradley called his victory “the fulfillment of a dream.” During his childhood and youth, peo?ple had kept telling him, “You can’t do this, you can’t go there, because you’ re a Negro.” Nev?ertheless he had won a decisive victory over a man who had been the city’s mayor for three times. Bradley had won 56.3 percent of the votes; Yorty had won 43. 7 percent.

Los Angeles voters had many opportunities to judge Thomas Bradley and to form an opinion of him. The son of a poor farmer from Texas, he joined the Los Angeles police force in 1940. During his twenty-one years on the police force he earned a law degree by attending school at night. He was elected to the city council ten years ago. At the time of Los Angeles election three other American cities already had black mayors, but none of those cities had as large a population as Los Angeles. Besides, the percentage of blacks in those other cities was much larger. Cleve?land, Ohio, was thirty-six percent black when Carl Stokes was elected mayor of Cleveland in 1967. In the same year Richard Hatcher was elected mayor of Gary, Indiana, which was fifty-five percent black. In Newark, New Jersey, sixty percent of the population were black when Kenneth Glibson was elected in 1970. Thus the election of a black mayor in those cities was not very surprising.

In Los Angeles thousands of white citizens voted for Thomas Bradley because they believe he would be a better mayor than the white candidate. Bradley had spent forty-eight of his fifty-five years in Los Angeles. Four years ago Bradley lost the mayoral election to Yorty. This time Bradley won.

61. Thomas Bradley was elected mayor of Los Angeles because ______.
A、the black people made up a large percentage of the population in the city
B、more than half of its citizens, black and white, were in favor of him
C、he had spent forty-eight of his fifty-five years in the city
D、he was considered the best candidate in the history of the city
62. Bradley’s victory in the mayoral election attracted nationwide attention because _____.
A、Los Angeles was a major city in the U. S. with a relatively small black population
B、Los Angeles was the place where most of the major U. S. newspapers were based
C、56% of black voters and 44% of white voters in Los Angeles had voted for him
D、it had fulfilled the dream of the black people throughout the United States
63. Which of the following cities had the largest percentage of black population?
A、Los Angeles.
B、Cleveland.
C、Gary.
D、Newark.
64. We may infer from the forth paragraph that Los Angeles voters _____.
A、believed that Thomas Bradley would give them many opportunities to judge him
B、had been given many opportunities so they have a high opinion of Thomas Bradley
C、had known Thomas Bradley well for his long years of public service in the city
D、had had many opportunities to elect Thomas Bradley mayor of the city
65. Why did the white voters choose Bradley over a white candidate?
A、Because he had proved to be a good policeman.
B、Because they expected him to do a better job.
C、Because he held a law degree from a good university.
D、Because they simply wanted to give him a chance.

Passage Two
Questions 66 to 70 are based on the following passage:

The U.S. generates about four billion tons of solid waste a year. More than 90 percent is composed of agricultural and mining wastes. About 3 percent is from industrial wastes. 250 mil?lion tons of garbage comes out from homes, schools, office buildings, stores and hospitals.

This mass of metals, paper, food, plastic, rubber and glass, which is all mixed together, seems of no earthly use to anyone. Or is it? Many efforts across the country indicate that new technology, properly applied, might some day turn these millions of tons of garbage into an excellent source of raw materials for new uses.

Several new projects are carried out to study the possibility of treating wastes through pyrolysis—a system of reducing garbage to basic chemicals, liquids and gases which have com?mercial value. In Florida, a special tube system provides automatic transport of garbage to a cen?tral collection building.

In short, many new ideas are being tested, and many will be needed, since no one method is likely to prove suitable everywhere.

However, many difficult economic and social questions must be answered before real progress can be made. Can recovered materials compete with new materials? What will be needed as en?couragement to make resource recovery work? Will citizens pay the cost of changing our waste system?

66. The author suggests that garbage from home and public places _______.
A、makes up the largest portion of solid waste
B、makes up a small portion of solid waste
C、 is not really considered as solid waste
D、is considered of no practical value
67. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the question "Or is it?" in Paragraph Three?
A、Or is it true that this mass of solid waste is of no practical use?
B、Or is it right to bury all this mass of solid waste under earth?
C、Or is it wise to mix all this mass of solid waste together?
D、Or is it worthwhile to make so many efforts across the country?
68. Pyrolysis is a process which _______.
A、treats a large amount of industrial wastes
B、turns garbage into a new source of raw materials
C、mixes together different kinds of solid waste
D、provides garbage for a collection building
69. Which of the following is true concerning the issue of waste recovery?
A、Many new ideas have been adopted.
B、The present systems have been widely used.
C、Different methods are required in different places.
D、No garbage has been proved useful everywhere.
70. It can be implied from the last paragraph that _______.
A、great progress has already been made in resource recovery
B、recovered materials will be able to compete with new materials
C、working people in the U. S. have been encouraged to recover solid waste
D、citizens may be unwilling to pay the costs of changing the waste system

Passage Three
Questions 71 to 75 are based on the following passage:

Kate, a student in 8th grade, asked lots of questions in math class—until the teacher told her to stop. “He said I was confusing the other kids with my questions,” she recalls. “When boys asked questions, he took them a lot more seriously.”

You might have thought that such obvious forms of discrimination (歧视) had ended by now. But Esther Greenglass, a psychology professor at York University in Toronto, says many recent studies have found that girls may still be faced with mixed messages about self-confidence and success, which can lower their self-esteem and discourage them from achieving their poten?tial.

The problem worsens at about age 11 or 12, when girls start hitting puberty (青春期) and discovering boys. Many girls’ grades drop, and so does their self-esteem. “Girls get the message that, if you’re going to be popular, you can’t be too smart because the boys won’t like you,” says Greenglass, who has written extensively on sex roles and discrimination.

Often, girls also sense that boys are considered more capable. In studies in the United States, researchers found that when teachers asked questions, they almost always made eye con?tact with boys, unless they had attended courses raising their level of awareness. Adding to the problem, according to Greenglass, is the lack of female role models in old textbooks still found in many Canadian schools.

How are girls’ attitudes affected? Studies have shown that boys usually attribute their success to their superior ability, while girls attribute their own success to luck. When boys fail at a task, they tend to blame it on external factors; when girls fail, they blame their own lack of ability. Boys are more likely to try a second time to succeed.

71. The first paragraph intends to tell us that _______.
A、girls usually ask more questions than boys in class
B、girls often confuse teachers with many questions
C、teachers tend to give much more attention to boys
D、teachers believe that boys ask more serious questions
72. Findings by Professor Esther Greenglass indicate that _______.
A、sex discrimination in schools has disappeared in Canada
B、Canadian school girls are more self-confident than boys
C、school girls in Canada are confused about their roles
D、in Canada girls and boys achieve equal success at school
73. Researchers in the United States found that when teachers asked questions, _______.
A、they would first turned to boys for answers
B、they wanted to raise the awareness of boys
C、boys responded to them Immediately
D、girls avoided eye contact with teachers
74. We can learn from the passage that girls' lack of self-confidence has led to _______.
A、their misjudgment of their own success and failure
B、boys’ misunderstanding of their superiority
C、their inability to achieve academic success
D、boys’ blaming external factors for their failures
75. What is the best title of the passage?
A、Male and Female Role Models.
B、Puberty and Sex Difference.
C、Girls, Boys, and Success.
D、Sex Roles and Discrimination.

Part V Translation from English into Chinese

Directions: In this part there is a passage with 5 underlined sections, numbered 76 to 80. After reading the passage carefully, translate the underlined sections into Chinese. Remember to write your translation on the Translation Sheet.

76) In many businesses, computers have largely replaced paperwork, because they are fast, flexible, and do not make mistakes. As one banker said, “Unlike humans, computers never have a bad day.” And they are honest. Many banks advertise that their transactions (交易) are “un?touched by human hands” and therefore safe from human temptation. Obviously, computers have no reason to steal money. But they also have no conscience, and the growing number of computer crimes shows they can be used to steal.

Computer criminals don’t use guns. 77) And even if they are caught, it is hard to punish them because there are no witness and often no evidence. A computer cannot remember who used it: it simply does what it is told. The head teller at a Salt Lake City bank used a computer to steal more than one and a half million dollars in just four years. No one noticed this theft because she moved the money from one account to another. 78) Each time a customer she had robbed questioned the balance in his account, the teller claimed a computer error, then replaced the missing money from someone else’s account. This person was caught only because she was a drug user. When the police broke up an illegal drug operation, her name was in the records.

Some employees use the computer’s power to take revenge (报复) on employers they consider unfair. 79) Recently, a large company fired an employee for reasons that involved his personal rather than his professional life. He was its computer-tape librarian. In his last forty days that he was allowed to work for the company, he erased all the company’s computerized records.

Most computer criminals have been minor employees. Now police wonder if this is “the tip the iceberg.” As one official says, “I have the feeling that there is more crime out there than are catching. What we are seeing now in all so poorly done. 80) I wonder what the real expert are doing—the ones who really know how a computer works.”

76.
77.
78.
79.
80.

Part VI Translation from Chinese into English

81.我感到喘不过气来;我开窗你会介意吗?

82.你们应该理论联系实际,培养应用语言的能力。

83.他将永远记得家乡解放的那一天。

84.令人惊讶的是,他竟然放弃升职加薪的机会。

85.可以肯定的是,奥运会(the Olympics)将为北京带来成千上万的中外游客。